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Design for Deconstruction (DfD): Critical success factors for diverting end-of-life waste from landfills

Akinade, Olugbenga O.; Oyedele, Lukumon O.; Ajayi, Saheed O.; Bilal, Muhammad; Alaka, Hafiz A.; Owolabi, Hakeem A.; Bello, Sururah A.; Jaiyeoba, Babatunde E.; Kadiri, Kabir O.


Olugbenga Akinade
Associate Professor - AR/VR Development with Artificial Intelligence

Saheed O. Ajayi

Muhammad Bilal
Associate Professor - Big Data Application

Hafiz A. Alaka

Hakeem Owolabi
Associate Professor - Project Analytics and Digital Enterprise

Sururah A. Bello

Babatunde E. Jaiyeoba

Kabir O. Kadiri


© 2016 Elsevier Ltd The aim of this paper is to identify Critical Success Factors (CSF) needed for effective material recovery through Design for Deconstruction (DfD). The research approach employed in this paper is based on a sequential exploratory mixed method strategy. After a thorough review of literature and conducting four Focus Group Discussion (FGDs), 43 DfD factors were identified and put together in a questionnaire survey. Data analyses include Cronbach's alpha reliability analysis, mean testing using significance index, and exploratory factor analysis. The result of the factor analysis reveals that an underlying factor structure of five DfD factors groups that include ‘stringent legislation and policy’, ‘deconstruction design process and competencies’, ‘design for material recovery’, ‘design for material reuse’, and ‘design for building flexibility’. These groups of DfD factor groups show that the requirements for DfD goes beyond technical competencies and that non-technical factors such as stringent legislation and policy and design process and competency for deconstruction are key in designing deconstructable buildings. Paying attention to the factors identified in all of these categories will help to tackle impediments that could hinder the effectiveness of DfD. The results of this study would help design and project managers to understand areas of possible improvement in employing DfD as a strategy for diverting waste from landfills.


Akinade, O. O., Oyedele, L. O., Ajayi, S. O., Bilal, M., Alaka, H. A., Owolabi, H. A., …Kadiri, K. O. (2017). Design for Deconstruction (DfD): Critical success factors for diverting end-of-life waste from landfills. Waste Management, 60, 3-13.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 18, 2016
Online Publication Date Aug 25, 2016
Publication Date Feb 1, 2017
Deposit Date Feb 22, 2017
Journal Waste Management
Print ISSN 0956-053X
Electronic ISSN 1879-2456
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 60
Pages 3-13
Keywords building deconstruction, design for deconstruction, end-of-life material recovery, sustainable construction, material reuse, critical success factors
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