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Environment and health for European cities in the 21st century: Making a difference

Carmichael, Laurence; Racioppi, Francesca; Calvert, Thomas; Sinnett, Danielle


Francesca Racioppi

Thomas Calvert
Research Fellow in Transport and Urban Planning


With more than 80% of the European population expected to live in urban areas by 2030, cities play a pivotal role in steering the transition towards a low-carbon society as well as in promoting and protecting health and wellbeing, and preventing and mitigating socioeconomic inequalities among urban dwellers. This publication reviews the key drivers for change in the European urban environment, highlights the burden of disease in European cities, and discusses opportunities and barriers to action. Taking into account the responsibilities of cities in relation to several policy areas that have a direct impact on health and the environment, it also proposes possible ways forward to strengthen support for cities that are committed to addressing environment and health challenges in their communities. Such support will be channelled through the development of new partnerships, facilitating the dialogue and exchange of knowledge between subnational and local authorities, national governments and international actors, while building on existing strategic partnerships and initiatives at all levels of governance


Carmichael, L., Racioppi, F., Calvert, T., & Sinnett, D. (2017). Environment and health for European cities in the 21st century: Making a difference

Report Type Project Report
Publication Date Jun 13, 2017
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords Urban health, cities, environmental health, health policy, public health, Europe
Publisher URL
Additional Information Corporate Creators : WHO Collaborating Centre for Healthy Urban Environments


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