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Typologies of knowledge for healthy streets: The need for an interdisciplinary paradigm for public health and design practice

Drane, Mark; Carmichael, Laurence

Authors

Mark Drane Mark3.Drane@uwe.ac.uk
Occasional Associate Lecturer - FET ABE



Abstract

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are a global health challenge and physical environment factors play a material role in NCDs. The residential street is a building block of the physical environment and has been identified a place to integrate health and placemaking. However disciplinary differences between the two disciplines of street design and public health frustrate this.
Street design is by nature interdisciplinary and beyond the control of one sub-group of designers. Some design and placemaking practitioners seek new frameworks for interdisciplinary understanding: however this article explores why such frameworks cannot emerge with validity across disciplines without an underlying position toward evidence and knowledge. This challenge is explored through epistemology; methods; and values in practice. Taking a social-ecologic systems perspective a new interdisciplinary understanding is proposed to integrate public health and street design at each of these levels.
Both street design and public health share, to some degree, values of promoting population health and have the potential to do so but this potential is not being realised. Opening interdisciplinary understanding between the two disciplines may reveal new ways to support population health. Where current disciplinary silos prevent investigation of these issues then both disciplines risk acting unethically measured against the benchmark of the values stated in their professional codes of conduct.

Presentation Conference Type Conference Paper (unpublished)
Start Date Oct 31, 2018
Publication Date Nov 1, 2018
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Pages 366-385
APA6 Citation Drane, M., & Carmichael, L. (2018, October). Typologies of knowledge for healthy streets: The need for an interdisciplinary paradigm for public health and design practice. Paper presented at City Street 3
Keywords non-communicable disease, healthy streets, epistemology
Publisher URL http://www.ndu.edu.lb/city-street-3/home
Additional Information Title of Conference or Conference Proceedings : City Street 3

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