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Rice farming systems in Southern Lao PDR: Interpreting farmers’ agricultural production decisions using Q methodology

Alexander, Kim S.; Parry, Lucy; Thammavong, Phomma; Sacklokham, Silinthone; Pasouvang, Somphanh; Connell, John G.; Jovanovic, Tom; Moglia, Magnus; Larson, Silva; Case, Peter


Kim S. Alexander

Lucy Parry

Phomma Thammavong

Silinthone Sacklokham

Somphanh Pasouvang

John G. Connell

Tom Jovanovic

Magnus Moglia

Silva Larson


© 2017 The agricultural sector in Lao PDR is forecast to move from subsistence rice production to a more modernized and market-oriented sector with greater focus on commercialization of agricultural production. Intensification of agricultural production in the southern and central rice growing regions of Lao PDR is problematic as dryland farmers rely on rainfall and soils are poor, yet rural households have been experiencing rapid change in their farming and livelihood systems. This paper employs Q methodology techniques to explore 35 farmers' viewpoints when contemplating their production goals and potential to adopt technologies to improve productivity. Findings describe the two emerging viewpoints among farmers as ‘labour saving productivity maximization’ and ‘traditional labour productivity using improved techniques’. The two viewpoints describe the different issues currently guiding production decisions. While the Lao Government forecasts substantial increases in rice production in the southern plains, farmers will require specialized and tailored support, accounting for their envisaged livelihood and production goals, to allow the sector transformation that many stakeholders currently envisage.


Alexander, K. S., Parry, L., Thammavong, P., Sacklokham, S., Pasouvang, S., Connell, J. G., …Case, P. (2018). Rice farming systems in Southern Lao PDR: Interpreting farmers’ agricultural production decisions using Q methodology. Agricultural Systems, 160, 1-10.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 30, 2017
Online Publication Date Nov 9, 2017
Publication Date Feb 1, 2018
Journal Agricultural Systems
Print ISSN 0308-521X
Publisher Elsevier Masson
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 160
Pages 1-10
Keywords Q methodology, farmer viewpoints, Lao PDR, agriculture management, farmer attitudes, farm technology adoption, innovation adoption
Public URL
Publisher URL


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