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A systematic review of the traits and cognitions associated with use of and belief in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)

Galbraith, Niall; Moss, Tim; Galbraith, Victoria; Purewal, Satvinder

Authors

Niall Galbraith

Victoria Galbraith

Satvinder Purewal



Abstract

© 2018, © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is widespread despite the controversy over its effectiveness. Although previous reviews have examined the demographics and attitudes of CAM users, there is no existing review on the traits or cognitions which characterise either CAM users or those who believe in CAM effectiveness. The current systematic review set out to address these gaps in the literature by applying a narrative synthesis. A bibliographic search and manual searches were undertaken and key authors were contacted. Twenty-three papers were selected. The trait openness to experience was positively associated with CAM use but not CAM belief. Absorption and various types of coping were also positively associated with CAM use and belief.No other trait was reliably associated with CAM use or belief. Intuitive thinking and ontological confusions were positively associated with belief in CAM effectiveness; intuitive thinking was also positively associated with CAM use. Studies researching cognitions in CAM use/belief were mostly on non-clinical samples, whilst studies on traits and CAM use/belief were mostly on patients. The quality of studies varied butunrepresentative samples, untested outcome measures and simplistic statistical analyses were the most common flaws. Traits and cognition might be important correlates of CAM use and also of faith in CAM.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Aug 9, 2018
Journal Psychology, Health and Medicine
Print ISSN 1354-8506
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 23
Issue 7
Pages 854-869
APA6 Citation Galbraith, N., Moss, T., Galbraith, V., & Purewal, S. (2018). A systematic review of the traits and cognitions associated with use of and belief in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Psychology, Health and Medicine, 23(7), 854-869. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2018.1442010
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2018.1442010
Keywords applied psychology, clinical psychology, psychiatry and mental health
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2018.1442010
Additional Information Additional Information : This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Psychology, Health & Medicine on 22nd February 2018, available online: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2018.1442010.

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