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Each p[ɚ]son does it th[ɛː] way: Rhoticity variation and the community grammar

Blaxter, Tam; Beeching, Kate; Coates, Richard; Murphy, James; Robinson, Emily

Each p[ɚ]son does it th[ɛː] way: Rhoticity variation and the community grammar Thumbnail


Authors

Tam Blaxter

Kate Beeching Kate.Beeching@uwe.ac.uk
Associate Professor in Applied Linguistics

Emily Robinson



Abstract

This paper examines individual differences in constraints on linguistic variation in light of Labov’s (2007) proposal that adult change (diffusion) disrupts systems of constraints and Tamminga, MacKenzie, and Embick’s (2016) typology of constraints. It is shown that, in pooling data from multiple speakers, some of the complexity in structured community variation may be overlooked. Data on rhoticity from speakers of Bristol English are compared to 34 previous studies of rhoticity in varieties of English around the world. Constraints found to be consistent across varieties are also found to be consistent across speakers of Bristol English, whereas those that differ between varieties also differ between individuals, implying that only those which differ are truly part of the grammar, and that these are indeed disrupted by diffusion.

Citation

Blaxter, T., Beeching, K., Coates, R., Murphy, J., & Robinson, E. (2019). Each p[ɚ]son does it th[ɛː] way: Rhoticity variation and the community grammar. Language Variation and Change, 31(1), 91-117. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954394519000048

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 19, 2019
Online Publication Date May 2, 2019
Publication Date Mar 1, 2019
Deposit Date Mar 20, 2019
Publicly Available Date Mar 20, 2019
Journal Language Variation and Change
Print ISSN 0954-3945
Electronic ISSN 1469-8021
Publisher Cambridge University Press (CUP)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 31
Issue 1
Pages 91-117
DOI https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954394519000048
Keywords phonetic variation, Bristol English, community grammar, elastic net regression
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/854544
Additional Information Additional Information : This article has been published in a revised form in Language Variation and Change [http://doi.org/XXX]. This version is free to view and download for private research and study only. Not for re-distribution, re-sale or use in derivative works. © Cambridge University Press.

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