Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Transparency and the gender pay gap

Conley, Hazel; Torbus, Urszula


Hazel Conley
Professor in Human Resource Management

Urszula Torbus


D Gottardi

G Healy

B Mikolajczyk


Transparency is central to the concept of equal pay since, without it, equality or the lack of it cannot be established. Despite this seemingly obvious logic there remains a failure in social, economic and legal systems to deliver transparent pay
systems. The implementation of the equal pay principle in Europe is hindered by a lack of transparency in pay systems (European Commission, 2014), an issue that was identified in early European case law on pay equality (McCrudden, 1993). Without transparency, there is a lack of information and awareness among employers and employees about the existence of possible pay gaps within their company (European Parliament, 2012: 2.1). Transparency is, therefore, the precursor to a consciousness of differences between male and female pay, which is the first step required to close the GPG. Only the awareness of the existence of pay differences between men and women can result in actions undertaken by employees and by social partners to this end.


Conley, H., & Torbus, U. (2019). Transparency and the gender pay gap. In H. Conley, D. Gottardi, G. Healy, & B. Mikolajczyk (Eds.), The Gender Pay Gap and Social Prtnership in Europe: Findings from "Close the Deal, Fill the Gap". Abingdon: Routledge

Online Publication Date Dec 6, 2018
Publication Date Jan 10, 2019
Peer Reviewed Not Peer Reviewed
Series Title Routledge Research in Employment Relations
Book Title The Gender Pay Gap and Social Prtnership in Europe: Findings from "Close the Deal, Fill the Gap"
ISBN 9781138738508
Public URL
Publisher URL