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Delivering effective genetic services for patients and families affected by cleft lip and/or palate

Stock, Nicola; MacLeod, Rhona; Clayton-Smith, Jill


Rhona MacLeod

Jill Clayton-Smith


Genetic services for individuals affected by cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) and their families are an important aspect of clinical care; yet debate exists as to how this service should be offered. This study explored the utility, acceptability, and delivery of genetic services from the perspectives of cleft-specialist clinicians, genetic counsellors, and affected families. Analysis of data collected from three focus groups and eleven individual interviews identified two overarching themes: “Referring patients and families to genetic services”, and “The role of a genetic specialist in the context of CL/P”. The first examines common reasons for referral to the genetics service, how best to judge the timing of a referral, and the optimal approach to the delivery of sensitive genetic information. The second theme discusses the role of the genetic specialist in the context of cleft care, including the optimal management of affected individuals and their families, and the delivery of basic genetics training and support for health professionals working in other disciplines. A model for the effective delivery of genetic services in CL/P is subsequently proposed. Coordination and financial implications of the proposed model ultimately require further consideration and evaluation to determine its effectiveness.

Journal Article Type Article
Journal European Journal of Human Genetics
Print ISSN 1018-4813
Publisher Springer Nature [academic journals on]
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 27
Pages 1018-1025
APA6 Citation Stock, N., MacLeod, R., & Clayton-Smith, J. (in press). Delivering effective genetic services for patients and families affected by cleft lip and/or palate. European Journal of Human Genetics, 27, 1018-1025.
Keywords cleft lip and palate, genetics, genetic counselling, aetiology, recurrence, model, mainstreaming, visible difference
Publisher URL
Additional Information Additional Information : The final publication is available at Springer via