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Thin-plate forming by thixo- and rheoforging

Jin, Chul Kyu; Bolouri, Amir; Kang, Chung Gil; Hwang, Gyu Wan

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Chul Kyu Jin

Amir Bolouri
Associate Professor in Manufacturing

Chung Gil Kang

Gyu Wan Hwang


Copyright © 2014 Chul Kyu Jin et al. Thin plates with a thickness of 1.2 mm are fabricated using two processes, thixoforging and rheoforging, which are semisolid forming techniques. The die design, formability, microstructure, and mechanical properties of the fabricated thin plates are analysed. A fan-shaped gate is designed by analysing the filling behaviour using semisolid material, and uniform filling behaviour of material is obtained by arranging nine overflows in product area. semisolid metal is prepared through a semisolid process in which reheating, a thixoprocess, and cooling with stirring, a rheoprocess, are applied. The semisolid material is injected into a forging die and is formed into thin plate at a punch speed of 300 mm/s and under a pressure of 100 MPa. Since semisolid material with a solid fraction below 45% has mainly small primary α-Al particles, the formability of the thin plate is improved. The formed thin plate also has good mechanical properties since the small and globular grains are evenly distributed. The thin plate formed from semisolid material with a solid fraction above 50% has poor mechanical properties owing to the large quantity of coarse primary α-Al particles. A rheoforged thin plate exhibits poorer mechanical properties than a thixoforged thin plate, but rheoforging produces amore precise thin plate.


Jin, C. K., Bolouri, A., Kang, C. G., & Hwang, G. W. (2014). Thin-plate forming by thixo- and rheoforging. Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 2014, 371469.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 11, 2014
Online Publication Date Aug 13, 2014
Publication Date Jan 1, 2014
Deposit Date Jun 28, 2016
Publicly Available Date Jun 28, 2016
Journal Advances in Mechanical Engineering
Print ISSN 1687-8132
Electronic ISSN 1687-8140
Publisher SAGE Publications (UK and US)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2014
Pages 371469
Keywords thixoforging, rheoforging, thin-plate forming
Public URL
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