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Where to park? A behavioral comparison of bus Park & Ride and city center car park usage in Bath, UK

Clayton, William; Parkhurst, Graham; Ben-Elia, Eran; Ricci, Miriam


Eran Ben-Elia


Integrating car parking facilities with public transport in Park and Ride (P&R) facilities has the potential to shorten car trips, contributing to more sustainable mobility. There is an on-going debate about the actual effects of P&R on the transport system at the subregional level. A key issue in these systemic effects, is the relative attractiveness of city centre car parks (CCCP), P&R and public transport. The paper presents the findings of a comparative empirical case-study based on a field survey of CCCP and P&R users conducted in the city of Bath, UK. Spatial and statistical analyses are applied. Radial distance to parking, availability of P&R sites in the direction of travel, gender, age, income and party-size are found to be important factors in a binary logistic regression model, explaining the revealed-preference of parking type. Stated analysis of foregone parking alternatives suggests more use of public transport and walking/cycling would likely occur without first-best parking alternatives. The policy implications and possible planning alternatives to P&R at the urban fringes for achieving greater sustainability goals are also discussed.


Clayton, W., Parkhurst, G., Ben-Elia, E., & Ricci, M. (2015, September). Where to park? A behavioral comparison of bus Park & Ride and city center car park usage in Bath, UK. Paper presented at 17th European Parking Association Congress

Presentation Conference Type Conference Paper (unpublished)
Conference Name 17th European Parking Association Congress
Start Date Sep 23, 2015
End Date Sep 25, 2015
Acceptance Date Sep 25, 2015
Publication Date Jan 1, 2015
Peer Reviewed Not Peer Reviewed
Keywords park and ride, Bath, buses
Additional Information Title of Conference or Conference Proceedings : 17th EPA Congress


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