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Adaptive and secure load-balancing routing protocol for service-oriented wireless sensor networks

Li, Shancang; Zhao, Shanshan; Wang, Xinheng; Zhang, Kewang; Li, Ling


Shancang Li

Shanshan Zhao

Xinheng Wang

Kewang Zhang

Ling Li


Service-oriented architectures for wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have been proposed to provide an integrated platform, where new applications can be rapidly developed through flexible service composition. In WSNs, the existing multipath routing schemes have demonstrated the effectiveness of traffic distribution over multipaths to fulfill the quality of service requirements of applications. However, the failure of links might significantly affect the transmission performance, scalability, reliability, and security of WSNs. Thus, by considering the reliability, congestion control, and security for multipath, it is desirable to design a reliable and service-driven routing scheme to provide efficient and failure-tolerant routing scheme. In this paper, an evaluation metric, path vacant ratio, is proposed to evaluate and then find a set of link-disjoint paths from all available paths. A congestion control and load-balancing algorithm that can adaptively adjust the load over multipaths is proposed. A threshold sharing algorithm is applied to split the packets into multiple segments that will be delivered via multipaths to the destination depending on the path vacant ratio. Simulations demonstrate the performance of the adaptive and secure load-balance routing scheme. © 2014 IEEE.


Li, S., Zhao, S., Wang, X., Zhang, K., & Li, L. (2014). Adaptive and secure load-balancing routing protocol for service-oriented wireless sensor networks. IEEE Systems Journal, 8(3), 858-867.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 2, 2013
Online Publication Date Jun 12, 2013
Publication Date Sep 1, 2014
Deposit Date Sep 19, 2016
Journal IEEE Systems Journal
Print ISSN 1932-8184
Electronic ISSN 1937-9234
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 8
Issue 3
Pages 858-867
Keywords wireless sensor networks (WSNs), congestion control, load balance, multipath, service-oriented architecture, security, routing, wireless sensor networks, reliability, routing protocols, load management, quality of service
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