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Gentrification and the artistic dividend: The role of the arts in neighborhood change

Grodach, Carl; Foster, Nicole; Murdoch, James

Authors

Carl Grodach

Nicole Foster Nicole.Foster@uwe.ac.uk
Research Fellow in Creative Economy Unit

James Murdoch



Abstract

Problem, research strategy, and findings: There is a conflict between recent creative placemaking policies intended to promote positive neighborhood development through the arts and the fact that the arts have long been cited as contributing to gentrification and the displacement of lower-income residents. Unfortunately, we do not have data to demonstrate widespread evidence of either outcome. We address the dearth of comprehensive research and inform neighborhood planning efforts by statistically testing how two different groups of arts activities—the fine arts and commercial arts industries—are associated with conditions indicative of revitalization and gentrification in 100 large U.S. metropolitan areas. We find that different arts activities are associated with different types and levels of neighborhood change. Commercial arts industries show the strongest association with gentrification in rapidly changing areas, while the fine arts are associated with stable, slow-growth neighborhoods.

Takeaway for practice: This research can help planners to more effectively incorporate the arts into neighborhood planning efforts and to anticipate the potential for different outcomes in their arts development strategies, including gentrification-related displacement.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2014
Journal Journal of the American Planning Association
Print ISSN 0194-4363
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 80
Issue 1
Pages 21-35
APA6 Citation Grodach, C., Foster, N., & Murdoch, J. (2014). Gentrification and the artistic dividend: The role of the arts in neighborhood change. Journal of the American Planning Association, 80(1), 21-35. https://doi.org/10.1080/01944363.2014.928584
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/01944363.2014.928584
Keywords gentrification, artistic, dividend, arts, neighborhood change
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01944363.2014.928584
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