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Design, novel quality check and experimental test of an original variable length stepped scarf repair scheme

Damghani, Mahdi; Bolanos, Stephan; Chahar, Amandeep; Matthews, Jason; Atkinson, Gary A.; Murphy, Adrian; Edwards, Timothy


Stephan Bolanos

Amandeep Chahar

Adrian Murphy

Timothy Edwards


The performance of well-established stepped scarf repair schemes for highly loaded composite structures has been studied in previous works. However, none of the proposed repair schemes appear to minimise healthy material removal. Thus, this paper proposes a Variable Length Stepped Scarf (VLSS) scheme, which does just that. In addition, various standard schemes with overlap step length (1/60, 1/45 and 1/30) are studied. Both experimental and simulation (FEA) investigations are undertaken and for the first time, the quality of scarf is inspected by artificial-intelligence based machine vision. The experimental results show the VLSS scheme is comparable to the other repair designs in restoring structural stiffness of the intact structure. The VLSS shows the ability to restore 95% stiffness of the pristine structure compared to 91% of the largest repair scheme (overlap step length ). However, the VLSS scheme falls short in restoring the static strength of the structure, with an efficiency of 64% . By contrast, the largest repair scheme shows a superior strength repair efficiency 77% and demonstrates a desirable failure response, i.e. fibre fracture in both repair patch and parent laminate.


Damghani, M., Bolanos, S., Chahar, A., Matthews, J., Atkinson, G. A., Murphy, A., & Edwards, T. (2022). Design, novel quality check and experimental test of an original variable length stepped scarf repair scheme. Composites Part B: Engineering, 230,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 28, 2021
Online Publication Date Dec 3, 2021
Publication Date Feb 1, 2022
Deposit Date Dec 3, 2021
Publicly Available Date Dec 4, 2022
Journal Composites Part B: Engineering
Print ISSN 1359-8368
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 230
Article Number 109542
Keywords Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering; Mechanical Engineering; Mechanics of Materials; Ceramics and Composites
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