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Determination of Malachite Green in Aquaculture Water by Adsorptive Stripping Voltammetry

Zhu, Dan; Li, Qiangqiang; Honeychurch, Kevin C.; Piano, Martina; Chen, Gang

Authors

Dan Zhu

Qiangqiang Li

Martina Piano

Gang Chen



Abstract

© 2016, Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. An adsorptive stripping voltammetric method for the determination of malachite green in aquaculture water has been developed. Initial studies were made using the cyclic voltammetry of malachite green at a glassy carbon electrode in 0.1M phosphate buffer from pH 2 to 10. The redox behavior observed for malachite green was verified by the characterization of malachite green and its reduction product, leucomalachite green. Furthermore, leucomalachite green was found not to interfere with the determination of malachite green at pH 7.4, the optimum pH for malachite green determination. As a result, further studies were performed using adsorptive stripping voltammetry for the determination of malachite green in aquaculture water. The voltammetric waveform, accumulation potential, and accumulation time were optimized. The calibration plot was linear from 0.2µM to 1.2µM for malachite green using differential pulse voltammetry with a sensitivity of 0.8311µA/µM. Using the method of multiple standard addition, aquaculture water fortified with 0.5µM and 0.75µM malachite green provided mean recoveries of 78.79% and 87.20% with coefficients of variation of 2.07% and 1.45%. Therefore, analytical figures of merit suggest that this method provides rapid, simple, economical, and precise determination of malachite green in aquaculture water.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jun 12, 2016
Journal Analytical Letters
Print ISSN 0003-2719
Electronic ISSN 1532-236X
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 49
Issue 9
Pages 1436-1451
Institution Citation Zhu, D., Li, Q., Honeychurch, K. C., Piano, M., & Chen, G. (2016). Determination of Malachite Green in Aquaculture Water by Adsorptive Stripping Voltammetry. Analytical Letters, 49(9), 1436-1451. https://doi.org/10.1080/00032719.2015.1104321
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/00032719.2015.1104321
Keywords malachite green, electrochemical behaviour, reaction mechanism, water sample
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00032719.2015.1104321
Additional Information Additional Information : This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Analytical Letters on 13 November 2015, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline...0/00032719.2015.1104321

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