Mental health stigmatisation in deployed UK Armed Forces: A principal components analysis
Fertout, Mohammed; Jones, N.; Keeling, M.; Greenberg, N.
Mary Keeling Mary.Keeling@uwe.ac.uk
Senior Research Fellow in visible difference and military conflict research
© 2015, Royal Army Medical College. All rights reserved. Introduction UK military research suggests that there is a significant link between current psychological symptoms, mental health stigmatisation and perceived barriers to care (stigma/BTC). Few studies have explored the construct of stigma/BTC in depth amongst deployed UK military personnel. Method Three survey datasets containing a stigma/BTC scale obtained during UK deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan were combined (n=3405 personnel). Principal component analysis was used to identify the key components of stigma/BTC. The relationship between psychological symptoms, the stigma/BTC components and help seeking were examined. Results Two components were identified: ‘potential loss of personal military credibility and trust’ (stigma Component 1, five items, 49.4% total model variance) and ‘negative perceptions of mental health services and barriers to help seeking’ (Component 2, six items, 11.2% total model variance). Component 1 was endorsed by 37.8% and Component 2 by 9.4% of personnel. Component 1 was associated with both assessed and subjective mental health, medical appointments and admission to hospital. Stigma Component 2 was associated with subjective and assessed mental health but not with medical appointments. Neither component was associated with help-seeking for subjective psycho-social problems. Conclusions Potential loss of credibility and trust appeared to be associated with help-seeking for medical reasons but not for help-seeking for subjective psychosocial problems. Those experiencing psychological symptoms appeared to minimise the effects of stigma by seeking out a socially acceptable route into care, such as the medical consultation, whereas those who experienced a subjective mental health problem appeared willing to seek help from any source.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Dec 1, 2015|
|Journal||Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps|
|Publisher||BMJ Publishing Group|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Institution Citation||Fertout, M., Jones, N., Keeling, M., & Greenberg, N. (2015). Mental health stigmatisation in deployed UK Armed Forces: A principal components analysis. Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps, 161(Suppl), i69-i76. https://doi.org/10.1136/jramc-2015-000587|
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