Assessing the economic and environmental impact of jasmine rice production: Life cycle assessment and life cycle costs analysis
Jirapornvaree, Ittisak; Suppadit, Tawadchai; Kumar, Vikas
Professor Vikas Kumar Vikas.Kumar@uwe.ac.uk
Professor in Operations and Supply Chain Management
Climate change is a threat to food security that has compelled government around the globe to adopt concrete measures to explore sustainable farming practices. This study, therefore, is focused on assessing the environmental and economic impacts of activities linked to jasmine rice production. The study compares organic and conventional jasmine rice production to promote sustainable farming alternatives. Purposive and snowball sampling was chosen to identify the sample and forty-nine face-to-face interviews were conducted with local farmers engaged in the rice production in Thung Kula Rong Hai, a northeastern region in Thailand. We applied the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) method to measure the environmental impact. In addition, Life Cycle Costs (LCC) was used to study jasmine rice production costs. The study found that even though the GreenHouse Gas (GHG) emissions of organically cultivated areas was higher than the conventional cultivated areas, this was due to the higher absorption of organic matter in the soil. This is beneficial in the long run as our findings show that organic jasmine rice paddy resulted in higher yields. Therefore, economically organic rice production emerged as a better alternative than the conventional method when compared between yield, costs and profits of jasmine rice production. Our results also demonstrate how post-harvest management is an important hotspot in sustainable farming practices. Thus, our findings promote sustainable agriculture practices in Thailand that can help them to cope up with climate change issues (e.g. droughts) and ultimately contributing to the food security goals.
Jirapornvaree, I., Suppadit, T., & Kumar, V. (in press). Assessing the economic and environmental impact of jasmine rice production: Life cycle assessment and life cycle costs analysis. Journal of Cleaner Production, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127079
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Apr 7, 2021|
|Online Publication Date||Apr 13, 2021|
|Deposit Date||Apr 8, 2021|
|Publicly Available Date||Apr 14, 2022|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Environmental Management; Jasmine Rice Production; Life Cycle Assessment; Organic Agricultural System; Life Cycle Costs|
This file is under embargo until Apr 14, 2022 due to copyright reasons.
Contact Vikas.Kumar@uwe.ac.uk to request a copy for personal use.
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