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Assessing the economic and environmental impact of jasmine rice production: Life cycle assessment and life cycle costs analysis

Jirapornvaree, Ittisak; Suppadit, Tawadchai; Kumar, Vikas

Authors

Ittisak Jirapornvaree

Tawadchai Suppadit



Abstract

Climate change is a threat to food security that has compelled government around the globe to adopt concrete measures to explore sustainable farming practices. This study, therefore, is focused on assessing the environmental and economic impacts of activities linked to jasmine rice production. The study compares organic and conventional jasmine rice production to promote sustainable farming alternatives. Purposive and snowball sampling was chosen to identify the sample and forty-nine face-to-face interviews were conducted with local farmers engaged in the rice production in Thung Kula Rong Hai, a northeastern region in Thailand. We applied the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) method to measure the environmental impact. In addition, Life Cycle Costs (LCC) was used to study jasmine rice production costs. The study found that even though the GreenHouse Gas (GHG) emissions of organically cultivated areas was higher than the conventional cultivated areas, this was due to the higher absorption of organic matter in the soil. This is beneficial in the long run as our findings show that organic jasmine rice paddy resulted in higher yields. Therefore, economically organic rice production emerged as a better alternative than the conventional method when compared between yield, costs and profits of jasmine rice production. Our results also demonstrate how post-harvest management is an important hotspot in sustainable farming practices. Thus, our findings promote sustainable agriculture practices in Thailand that can help them to cope up with climate change issues (e.g. droughts) and ultimately contributing to the food security goals.

Citation

Jirapornvaree, I., Suppadit, T., & Kumar, V. (in press). Assessing the economic and environmental impact of jasmine rice production: Life cycle assessment and life cycle costs analysis. Journal of Cleaner Production, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127079

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 7, 2021
Online Publication Date Apr 13, 2021
Deposit Date Apr 8, 2021
Publicly Available Date Apr 14, 2022
Print ISSN 0959-6526
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Article Number 127079
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127079
Keywords Environmental Management; Jasmine Rice Production; Life Cycle Assessment; Organic Agricultural System; Life Cycle Costs
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/7249115