Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Reactive fungal wearable

Adamatzky, Andrew; Nikolaidou, Anna; Gandia, Antoni; Chiolerio, Alessandro; Dehshibi, Mohammad Mahdi

Reactive fungal wearable Thumbnail


Anna Nikolaidou
Senior Lecturer in Architecture and Design

Antoni Gandia

Alessandro Chiolerio

Mohammad Mahdi Dehshibi


Smart wearables sense and process information from the user’s body and environment and report results of their analysis as electrical signals. Conventional electronic sensors and controllers are commonly, sometimes augmented by recent advances in soft electronics. Organic electronics and bioelectronics, especially with living substrates, offer a great opportunity to incorporate parallel sensing and information processing capabilities of natural systems into future and emerging wearables. Nowadays fungi are emerging as a promising candidate to produce sustainable textiles to be used as ecofriendly biowearables. To assess the sensing potential of fungal
wearables we undertook laboratory experiments on electrical response of a hemp fabric colonised by oyster fungi Pleurotus ostreatus to mechanical stretching and stimulation with attractants and repellents. We have shown that it is possible to discern a nature of stimuli from the fungi electrical responses. The results paved a way towards future design of intelligent sensing patches to be used in reactive fungal wearables.


Adamatzky, A., Nikolaidou, A., Gandia, A., Chiolerio, A., & Dehshibi, M. M. (2021). Reactive fungal wearable. BioSystems, 199,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 18, 2020
Online Publication Date Nov 24, 2021
Publication Date Jan 1, 2021
Deposit Date Feb 25, 2021
Publicly Available Date Jan 2, 2022
Journal Biosystems
Print ISSN 0303-2647
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 199
Article Number 104304
Keywords General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; Modelling and Simulation; Statistics and Probability; Applied Mathematics; General Medicine
Public URL
Related Public URLs
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Reactive fungal wearable; Journal Title: Biosystems; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version:; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


You might also like

Downloadable Citations