Hannah K. Jarman
Social media, body satisfaction and well-being among adolescents: A mediation model of appearance-ideal internalization and comparison
Jarman, Hannah K.; Marques, Mathew D.; McLean, Siân A.; Slater, Amy; Paxton, Susan J.
Mathew D. Marques
Siân A. McLean
Amy Slater Amy.Slater@uwe.ac.uk
Associate Professor in Centre for Appearance Research
Susan J. Paxton
Despite adolescents’ prolific use of social media, relationships between social media and body satisfaction and well-being are not yet well understood, especially among boys. This study tested a sociocultural model of body image within the context of social media among adolescent boys and girls. Specifically, this study examined whether appearance-ideal internalization and social appearance comparisons mediated relationships between social media engagement (intensity and appearance-focused use) and body satisfaction and subjective well-being. Australian adolescents between 11 and 17 years (N = 1,579, Mage = 13.45 years, SD = 1.15; 55.4 % boys) completed an online survey. Structural equational modelling indicated that only higher appearance-focused social media use was directly associated with lower body satisfaction and well-being. Generally, higher appearance-ideal internalization and comparisons mediated the relationships between higher social media engagement and lower body satisfaction and well-being. Multi-group analyses indicated these relationships were equivalent across gender. Findings supported the proposed model among boys and girls and extend existing theoretical knowledge to encompass male body image and well-being. Interventions which target internalization and comparisons in the context of social media are likely to be valuable in improving body satisfaction and subjective well-being in co-educational settings.
Jarman, H. K., Marques, M. D., McLean, S. A., Slater, A., & Paxton, S. J. (2021). Social media, body satisfaction and well-being among adolescents: A mediation model of appearance-ideal internalization and comparison. Body Image, 36, 139-148. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.11.005
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Nov 12, 2020|
|Online Publication Date||Dec 4, 2020|
|Publication Date||Mar 1, 2021|
|Deposit Date||Jan 4, 2021|
|Publicly Available Date||Jun 5, 2022|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Adolescent, body image, social media, sociocultural theory, structural equation modelling, subjective well-being|
|Additional Information||This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Social media, body satisfaction and well-being among adolescents: A mediation model of appearance-ideal internalization and comparison; Journal Title: Body Image; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.11.005; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|
This file is under embargo until Jun 5, 2022 due to copyright reasons.
Contact Amy.Slater@uwe.ac.uk to request a copy for personal use.