The effects of fitspiration images on body attributes, mood and eating behaviors: An experimental Ecological Momentary Assessment study in females
Krug, Isabel; Selvaraja, Poorna; Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew; Hughes, Elizabeth K.; Slater, Amy; Griffiths, Scott; Yee, Zhi Wei; Richardson, Ben; Blake, Khandis
Elizabeth K. Hughes
Amy Slater Amy.Slater@uwe.ac.uk
Associate Professor in Centre for Appearance Research
Zhi Wei Yee
Through an experimental Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) design, we assessed the effects of fitspiration images (relative to neutral) on body image, mood and disordered eating and whether trait body dissatisfaction, thin-ideal internalization and pressures from the media, family and peers moderated these effects. After completing trait-based measures, 85 women were prompted via a mobile application 6 times daily for 7 days to view an image (fitspiration or neutral) and report on state levels of perceived pressures to attain an idealized physique, satisfaction with various body attributes, mood and eating behavior. When participants were exposed to fitspiration images, their perceived pressure to attain an idealized physique was significantly higher than after exposure to the control images. This effect was most pronounced for women experiencing pressure from the media. Furthermore, fitspiration images lowered the extent to which women felt that idealized physiques were attainable, and decreased satisfaction with current fitness. There were no significant effects on mood and disordered eating. Exposure to fitspiration content predicted only a few adverse outcomes in terms of negative body attributes and perceived pressures to attain a similar physique, suggesting that its content is not as detrimental as initially believed, but further research is needed.
Krug, I., Selvaraja, P., Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, M., Hughes, E. K., Slater, A., Griffiths, S., …Blake, K. (2020). The effects of fitspiration images on body attributes, mood and eating behaviors: An experimental Ecological Momentary Assessment study in females. Body Image, 35, 279-287. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.09.011
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Oct 1, 2020|
|Online Publication Date||Nov 6, 2020|
|Publication Date||Dec 1, 2020|
|Deposit Date||Oct 5, 2020|
|Publicly Available Date||May 7, 2022|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||fitspiration; body attributes; disordered eating; mood; pressures to be thin; thin-ideal internalization; ecological momentary assessment|
This file is under embargo until May 7, 2022 due to copyright reasons.
Contact Amy.Slater@uwe.ac.uk to request a copy for personal use.