Gender-related differences in systemic sclerosis
Hughes, Michael; Pauling, John D.; Armstrong-James, Laura; Denton, Christopher P.; Galdas, Paul; Flurey, Caroline
John D. Pauling
Laura O'Brien Laura2.OBrien@uwe.ac.uk
Occasional Associate Lecturer - HAS HSS
Christopher P. Denton
Caroline Flurey Caroline2.Flurey@uwe.ac.uk
Senior Lecturer in Health Psychology
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a complex autoimmune connective tissue disease which is characterised by autoimmunity, widespread tissue fibrosis of the skin and internal organs, and vasculopathic alterations. SSc is more common in women but has a more severe expression of disease including internal organ-based complications and higher mortality in men. The extant literature shows that although important pathophysiological sex differences are present in SSc, behavioural differences (e.g. higher smoking rates in men) and occupational exposures may contribute to poorer outcomes in men with SSc. The higher death male death rate in the general population and greater prevalence of lung fibrosis are likely the key factors responsible for excess mortality found in men. Other important factors include (but are not limited to) a greater prevalence of the disease subset, delayed time to diagnosis, and higher disease activity in early disease in men. SSc carries a significant burden of disease-related morbidity; however, no qualitative studies to date have focussed on gender differences in SSc. The purpose of this review is to provide a comprehensive overview of gender differences in SSc including (but not limited to) epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical expression of disease, mortality, SSc in transgender individuals, and psychosocial aspects of disease.
Hughes, M., Pauling, J. D., Armstrong-James, L., Denton, C. P., Galdas, P., & Flurey, C. (2020). Gender-related differences in systemic sclerosis. Autoimmunity Reviews, 19(4), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autrev.2020.102494
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Oct 19, 2019|
|Online Publication Date||Feb 13, 2020|
|Publication Date||Apr 1, 2020|
|Deposit Date||Jul 4, 2020|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Immunology; Immunology and allergy; Systemic sclerosis; Scleroderma; Gender: men, women; Pathogenesis; Epidemiology; Mortality; Organ-involvement; Treatment|
|Additional Information||This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Gender-related differences in systemic sclerosis; Journal Title: Autoimmunity Reviews; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autrev.2020.102494; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
This file is under embargo due to copyright reasons.
Contact Laura2.OBrien@uwe.ac.uk to request a copy for personal use.
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