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Situational experience around the world: A replication and extension in 62 countries

Lee, Daniel I.; Gardiner, Gwendolyn; Baranski, Erica; Members of the International Situations Project; Funder, David C.


Daniel I. Lee

Gwendolyn Gardiner

Erica Baranski

Eva Fragkiadaki
Senior Lecturer in Counselling Psychology

David C. Funder


The current study seeks to replicate and extend principal findings reported in The World at 7:00 (Guillaume et al., 2016), a project that examined the psychological experience of situations in 20 countries.
Data were collected from participants in 62 countries (N = 15,318), recruited from universities by local collaborators to complete the study via a custom-built website using 42 languages.
Several findings of the previous study were replicated. The average reported situational experience around the world was mildly positive. The same countries tended to be most alike in reported situational experience (r = .60) across the two studies, among the countries included in both. As in the previous study, the homogeneity of reported situational experience was significantly greater within than between countries, although the difference was small. The previously reported exploratory finding that negative aspects of situations varied more across countries than positive aspects did not replicate. Correlations between aspects of reported situational experience and country-level average value scores, personality, and demographic variables were largely similar between the two studies.
The findings underscore the importance of cross-cultural situational research and the need to replicate its results, and highlight the complex interplay of culture and situational experience.


Lee, D. I., Gardiner, G., Baranski, E., Members of the International Situations Project, , & Funder, D. C. (2020). Situational experience around the world: A replication and extension in 62 countries. Journal of Personality, 88(6), 1091-1110.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 13, 2020
Online Publication Date Jun 12, 2020
Publication Date Dec 1, 2020
Deposit Date Jul 22, 2020
Publicly Available Date Jun 13, 2022
Journal Journal of Personality
Print ISSN 0022-3506
Electronic ISSN 1467-6494
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 88
Issue 6
Pages 1091-1110
Public URL