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Autonomous vehicles: Who will use them, and will they share?

Clayton, William; Paddeu, Daniela; Parkhurst, Graham; Parkin, John

Authors

John Parkin John.Parkin@uwe.ac.uk
Professor in Transport Engineering



Abstract

The advent of road transport automation is suggested to be one of four key technological transitions that could amount to a major transformation in mobility practices. Specifically, fully Automated Vehicles (AVs) might replace the current private car owner user model with fleets of on-demand synchronously-shared automated taxis. However, significant barriers to this vision becoming the norm remain. This paper examines two critical user-acceptance aspects of the transition: willingness to adopt AVs, and willingness to share an AV with others, particularly strangers. Our novel survey (n = 899) included a choice experiment featuring four future full automation transport services (private, synchronously/ asynchronously shared, and public). Cluster analysis examined respondents’ preferences and their demographic and psychosocial characteristics. We uncover significant uncertainty about willingness to adopt automation and sharing, and important differences between clusters within our sample. For example, under 50% of participants report willingness to use an AV over their normal mode, or would prefer an automated option to a current human-driven option. Our findings raise critical questions for policymakers and transport authorities. Not least, how can AV technologies help realise the environmental and social benefits of widespread vehicle sharing in a context of a travelling public that still prefers its privacy on-the-move?

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2020-05
Journal Transportation Planning and Technology
Print ISSN 0308-1060
Electronic ISSN 1029-0354
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 43
Issue 4
Pages 343-364
APA6 Citation Clayton, W., Paddeu, D., Parkhurst, G., & Parkin, J. (2020). Autonomous vehicles: Who will use them, and will they share?. Transportation Planning and Technology, 43(4), 343-364. https://doi.org/10.1080/03081060.2020.1747200
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/03081060.2020.1747200
Keywords Geography, Planning and Development; Transportation
Additional Information Peer Review Statement: The publishing and review policy for this title is described in its Aims & Scope.; Aim & Scope: http://www.tandfonline....ope&journalCode=gtpt20; Published: 2020-04-01
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