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A non-contact impedimetric biosensing system for classification of toxins associated with cytotoxicity testing

Gasser, Angelines; Eveness, John; Kiely, Janice; Attwood, David; Luxton, Richard

Authors

Angelines Gasser

John Eveness John.Eveness@uwe.ac.uk
Research Fellow in Sensory Technology

Janice Kiely Janice.Kiely@uwe.ac.uk
Professor in Bio-electronics/Res In CoDi

David Attwood David.Attwood@uwe.ac.uk
Associate Professor in Biosensing Systems

Richard Luxton Richard.Luxton@uwe.ac.uk
Research Centre Director-IBST/Professor



Abstract

© 2019 We report on a novel impedance spectroscopy measurement and data analysis technique for cytotoxicity testing. The technique combines non-contact measurement with real-time impedance data analysis based on the toxin dose dependency of the outputs, making it suitable for high throughput screening. A multi-electrode array was designed and fabricated such that a standard well plate could be positioned above the electrodes, negating the requirement for bespoke culture wells with integrated electrodes. For cytotoxicity testing, endothelial cells, type ECV304, within the wells were exposed to various concentrations of 3 toxins, dimethyl sulphoxide, cadmium chloride and saponin, which exhibit different modes of action on cells. Impedance spectra were recorded every 30 min over a 24 h period. From the spectra ‘toxin maps’ were produced which presented the correlation between impedance output and dose of toxin versus frequency and time. The results demonstrated characteristic toxin maps for each toxin and significantly differences between the three toxins studied. Using complementary measurement methods, we showed that these differences in toxin maps related to morphological and physiological changes in the cells due to the differing mode of action of each toxin.

Citation

Gasser, A., Eveness, J., Kiely, J., Attwood, D., & Luxton, R. (2020). A non-contact impedimetric biosensing system for classification of toxins associated with cytotoxicity testing. Bioelectrochemistry, 133, 107448. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioelechem.2019.107448

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 16, 2019
Online Publication Date Jan 7, 2020
Publication Date Jun 1, 2020
Deposit Date Jan 27, 2020
Publicly Available Date Jan 8, 2021
Journal Bioelectrochemistry
Print ISSN 1567-5394
Electronic ISSN 1878-562X
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 133
Pages 107448
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioelechem.2019.107448
Keywords Physical and Theoretical Chemistry; Biophysics; Electrochemistry; General Medicine
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/5251544
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: A non-contact impedimetric biosensing system for classification of toxins associated with cytotoxicity testing; Journal Title: Bioelectrochemistry; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioelechem.2019.107448; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2019 Published by Elsevier B.V.

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