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Detached eddy simulation of blade trailing-edge cutback cooling performance at various ejection slot angles

Effendy, M.; Yao, Yufeng; Yao, J.; Marchant, D. R.


M. Effendy

Yufeng Yao
Professor in Aerospace Engineering

J. Yao

D. R. Marchant


© 2019 Elsevier Inc. Detached eddy simulation (DES) has been carried out to study a three-dimensional trailing-edge (TE) cutback turbine blade model with five rows of staggered circular pin-fin arrays inside the cooling passage, in order to evaluate the cooling performance in relation to coolant ejection slot angle. Simulations were performed by adopting a shear-stress transport k-ω turbulence model, and the effects of three different ejection slot angles 5°, 10° and 15° were investigated in terms of the characteristics of adiabatic film-cooling effectiveness, coefficient of discharge, and vortex shedding frequencies, respectively. The results obtained have shown that the TE cutback blade cooling with a 5° coolant ejection slot angle produced a better heat transfer coefficient than the other two ejection slot angles tested. The distributions of adiabatic film-cooling effectiveness along the cutback walls were found to be sensitive to the coolant ejection slot angle, e.g. the increase of ejection slot angle to 15° yielded near unity of cooling effectiveness along the entire breakout walls, whereas the decrease of ejection slot angle caused a drastic decay of cooling effectiveness after the maximum effectiveness has been reached. Of the three angles studied, a TE cutback blade model with a 15° ejection slot angle produced an optimum film-cooling effectiveness. In the breakout region, vortex shedding was observed along the shear layer between the hot gas and the coolant airflow. The shedding frequencies were evaluated to be 2.93, 2.21, and 2.18 kHz for the ejection slot angles of 5°, 10° and 15°, respectively. The findings from this study could be useful to improve existing TE cutback turbine blade design to achieve optimum film-cooling performance.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Dec 1, 2019
Journal International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
Print ISSN 0142-727X
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 80
Article Number 108487
APA6 Citation Effendy, M., Yao, Y., Yao, J., & Marchant, D. R. (2019). Detached eddy simulation of blade trailing-edge cutback cooling performance at various ejection slot angles. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 80,
Keywords Detached eddy simulation; Trailing-edge cutback cooling; Coolant ejection slot angle; Adiabatic film-cooling effectiveness


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