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Systematic review of body image measures

Kling, Johanna; Kwakkenbos, Linda; Diedrichs, Phillippa C.; Rumsey, Nichola; Fris�n, Ann; Brand�o, Maria Piedade; Silva, Anabela G.; Dooley, Barbara; Rodgers, Rachel F.; Fitzgerald, Amanda


Johanna Kling

Linda Kwakkenbos

Ann Fris�n

Maria Piedade Brand�o

Anabela G. Silva

Barbara Dooley

Rachel F. Rodgers

Amanda Fitzgerald


Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This systematic review synthesizes and critically appraises measurement properties of influential body image measures. Eight measures that met the definition of an assessment of body image (i.e., an individual's cognitive or affective evaluation of their body or appearance with a positive or negative valence), and scored high on systematic expert priority ranking, were included. These measures were: the Body Appreciation Scale (original BAS and BAS-2), the Body Esteem Scale for Adolescents and Adults, the Body Shape Questionnaire, the Centre for Appearance Research Valence Scale, the Drive for Muscularity Scale, two subscales of the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire, one subscale of the Eating Disorder Inventory 3, and two subscales of the Multidimensional Body Relations Questionnaire. Articles assessing these scales' psychometric properties (N = 136) were evaluated for their methodological quality using the Consensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) checklist, and a best evidence synthesis was performed. The results supported the majority of measures in terms of reliability and validity; however, suitability varied across populations, and some measurement properties were insufficiently evaluated. The measures are discussed in detail, including recommendations for their future use in research and clinical practice.


Kling, J., Kwakkenbos, L., Diedrichs, P. C., Rumsey, N., Frisén, A., Brandão, M. P., …Fitzgerald, A. (2019). Systematic review of body image measures. Body Image, 30, 170-211.

Journal Article Type Review
Acceptance Date Jun 2, 2019
Online Publication Date Aug 6, 2019
Publication Date Sep 1, 2019
Deposit Date Oct 7, 2019
Publicly Available Date Feb 7, 2021
Journal Body image
Print ISSN 1740-1445
Electronic ISSN 1873-6807
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 30
Pages 170-211
Keywords Applied Psychology; General Psychology; Social Psychology
Public URL
Publisher URL


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