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Triple access planning for uncertain futures - A handbook for practitioners

Lyons, Glenn; Marchau, Vincent; Paddeu, Daniela; Rye, Tom; Adolphson, Marcus; Attia, Maha; Bozovic, Tamara; Bylund, Jonas; Calvert, Thomas; Chatterjee, Kiron; Comi, Antonio; Cragg, Stephen; Fancello, Gianfranco; Lenferink, Sander; Mladenovič, Luka; Piras, Francesco; Svensson, Tony; Witzell, Jacob

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Glenn Lyons
Professor of Future Mobility

Vincent Marchau

Daniela Paddeu
Associate Professor of Sustainable Freight Futures

Tom Rye

Marcus Adolphson

Maha Attia

Jonas Bylund

Thomas Calvert
Research Fellow in Transport and Urban Planning

Antonio Comi

Stephen Cragg

Gianfranco Fancello

Sander Lenferink

Luka Mladenovič

Francesco Piras

Tony Svensson

Jacob Witzell


Planning for the future continues to evolve in the face of a changing world. What we did in the past will not work for the future. Even the recent shift, with greater interest in transport planning being vision-led and focused on people rather than traffic, it is still not enough.

This Handbook is the next evolutionary step. It supports a way of thinking and acting that is intended to mark a change from transport planning in the ‘predict and provide’ paradigm to ‘Triple Access Planning’ in the ‘decide and provide’ paradigm. This is vision-led (‘decide’) instead of forecast-led (‘predict’). It includes digital accessibility alongside spatial proximity and mobility (together making ‘triple access’). It also includes addressing uncertainty about the future.

The Handbook is a companion guide for those who are already conversant with transport planning or other planning approaches. It explains the triple access perspective on planning, the handling of uncertainty, addressing access for goods, and the organisational and institutional challenges associated with Triple Access Planning. For each of these themes, four planning phases are examined: (i) Philosophy - why take this approach?; (ii) Preparation and Analysis – assessing the current and future situations; (iii) Strategy Development – determining visions/goals and the approaches to achieving these; and (iv) Measure Planning – identifying more specifically what needs to be implemented to achieve goals. The first of these is an important (informal) orientation phase. The other phases reflect those recognised in European Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning (which also includes ‘Implementation and Monitoring’).

Whilst Triple Access Planning does not offer an easier approach than established planning practices and institutions, it is more fit for purpose in relation to the challenge and opportunities we now face. This Handbook is a staging post in the onward journey of change in how we make sense of, and seek to be prepared for and shape, the future. Please embrace it.


Lyons, G., Marchau, V., Paddeu, D., Rye, T., Adolphson, M., Attia, M., …Witzell, J. Triple access planning for uncertain futures - A handbook for practitioners. University of the West of England

Report Type Research Report
Online Publication Date Mar 18, 2024
Deposit Date Mar 7, 2024
Publicly Available Date Mar 8, 2024
ISBN 9781860436215
Keywords Triple Access Planning; Transport Planning; Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning; Foresight
Public URL
Additional Information A report prepared by the Triple Access Planning for Uncertain Futures project. This project is funded from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 875022 and as part of JPI Urban Europe’s ERA-NET Urban Accessibility and Connectivity (ENUAC) initiative.

Please cite this Handbook as follows:

Lyons, G., Marchau, V., Paddeu, D., Rye, T., Adolphson, M., Attia, M., Bozovic, T., Bylund, J., Calvert, T., Chatterjee, K., Comi, A., Cragg, S., Fancello, G., Lenferink, S., Mladenovič, L., Piras, F., Svensson, T. and Witzell, J. (2024). Triple Access Planning for Uncertain Futures – A Handbook for Practitioners. March, ISBN 978-1-86043-621-5.


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