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The effects of Red Bull Energy Drink on human performance and mood

Cox, H.; Alford, C.; Wescott, R.; Alford, Chris


H. Cox

C. Alford

R. Wescott


The effects of Red Bull Energy Drink, which includes taurine, glucuronolactone, and caffeine amongst the ingredients, were examined over 3 studies in a total of 36 volunteers. Assessments included psychomotor performance (reaction time, concentration, memory), subjective alertness and physical endurance. When compared with control drinks, Red Bull Energy Drink significantly (P < 0.05) improved aerobic endurance (maintaining 65-75% max. heart rate) and anaerobic performance (maintaining max. speed) on cycle ergometers. Significant improvements in mental performance included choice reaction time, concentration (number cancellation) and memory (immediate recall), which reflected increased subjective alertness. These consistent and wide ranging improvements in performance are interpreted as reflecting the effects of the combination of ingredients.


Wescott, R., Cox, H., Alford, C., & Alford, C. (2001). The effects of Red Bull Energy Drink on human performance and mood. Amino Acids, 21(2), 139-150.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2001
Deposit Date Feb 2, 2011
Journal Amino Acids
Print ISSN 0939-4451
Publisher Springer (part of Springer Nature)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 21
Issue 2
Pages 139-150
Keywords human performance, mood, Red Bull, energy drink
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