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The effects of Red Bull Energy Drink on human performance and mood

Cox, H.; Alford, C.; Wescott, R.; Alford, Chris

Authors

H. Cox

C. Alford

R. Wescott



Abstract

The effects of Red Bull Energy Drink, which includes taurine, glucuronolactone, and caffeine amongst the ingredients, were examined over 3 studies in a total of 36 volunteers. Assessments included psychomotor performance (reaction time, concentration, memory), subjective alertness and physical endurance. When compared with control drinks, Red Bull Energy Drink significantly (P < 0.05) improved aerobic endurance (maintaining 65-75% max. heart rate) and anaerobic performance (maintaining max. speed) on cycle ergometers. Significant improvements in mental performance included choice reaction time, concentration (number cancellation) and memory (immediate recall), which reflected increased subjective alertness. These consistent and wide ranging improvements in performance are interpreted as reflecting the effects of the combination of ingredients.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2001
Journal Amino Acids
Print ISSN 0939-4451
Publisher Springer (part of Springer Nature)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 21
Issue 2
Pages 139-150
APA6 Citation Wescott, R., Cox, H., Alford, C., & Alford, C. (2001). The effects of Red Bull Energy Drink on human performance and mood. Amino Acids, 21(2), 139-150. https://doi.org/10.1007/s007260170021
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s007260170021
Keywords human performance, mood, Red Bull, energy drink
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s007260170021
Related Public URLs http://www.springerlink.de/content/xxdbgvjy9ke72wbl/fulltext.pdf
Additional Information Additional Information : The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
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