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Hydrogen incorporation into solvents can improve the extraction of phenolics, ‎flavonoids, anthocyanins, and antioxidants: A case-study using red beetroot

Alwazeer, Duried; Allam Elnasanelkasim, Muhammed; Çiğdem, Ayhan; ‎Engin, Tunahan; Kanmaz, Hilal; Adnan Hayaloglu, Ali; ‎Russell, Grace; Hancock, John T.

Authors

Duried Alwazeer

Muhammed Allam Elnasanelkasim

Ayhan Çiğdem

Tunahan ‎Engin

Hilal Kanmaz

Ali Adnan Hayaloglu

Grace ‎Russell

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John Hancock John.Hancock@uwe.ac.uk
Professor in Cell Signalling



Abstract

Different methods are used for extracting phytochemicals from plant produce. Some ‎methods require sophisticated and expensive instruments, while others need multiple steps ‎and specialist equipment, leading to an increase in energy, solvents, cost, and time. Here, the effect of incorporating hydrogen (H2) into solvents (that is water, ethanol, ‎methanol) on the extraction of flavonoids (TFC), phenolics (TPC), anthocyanins ‎‎(TAC), and antioxidants (DPPH and ABTS), as well as the extraction yield from red ‎beetroot, were evaluated. The biggest extraction yield was with the use of H2-rich ‎methanol (HRM) (24.32%). Incorporating H2 into water, ethanol, and methanol ‎led to a significant increase in TPC by 77.34, 39.02 and 89.07%, in the TFC by ‎‎43.30, 50.5 and 88.87%, in the TAC by 92.62, 199.5 and 257.41%. DPPH ‎scavenging activity increased by 6.49, 7.05 and 12.15%, and ABTS scavenging ‎activity by 3.93, 9.82 and 15.05%, respectively. The extraction of individual ‎phenolic compounds, using various solvents, were different for each compound ‎investigated, with HPLC analysis showing that the levels of some phenolics increased ‎when H2 was incorporated into the solvents. ‎This method, i.e., addition of H2 gas, is ‎suggested as a relatively cheap and practical method for increasing the extraction of ‎phytochemicals using an eco-friendly method.

Citation

Alwazeer, D., Allam Elnasanelkasim, M., Çiğdem, A., ‎Engin, T., Kanmaz, H., Adnan Hayaloglu, A., …Hancock, J. T. (in press). Hydrogen incorporation into solvents can improve the extraction of phenolics, ‎flavonoids, anthocyanins, and antioxidants: A case-study using red beetroot. Industrial Crops and Products,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 6, 2023
Deposit Date Jun 8, 2023
Journal Industrial Crops and Products
Print ISSN 0926-6690
Electronic ISSN 1872-633X
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords Red beetroot; Extraction; Solvents; Molecular hydrogen; Incorporation; Phytochemicals.
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/10847781
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/industrial-crops-and-products/vol/202/suppl/C