Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Disaggregating the space-time layers of city-centre activities and their users

Bromley, Rosemary D.F.; Tallon, Andrew R.; Thomas, Colin J.; Bromley, Rosemary D F; Tallon, Andrew; Thomas, Colin J


Rosemary D.F. Bromley

Andrew R. Tallon

Colin J. Thomas

Rosemary D F Bromley

Colin J Thomas


Adopting a focus on both time and space, the authors aim to unpack the complexity of uses and users in the city centre. Evidence from Swansea reveals a stark twofold temporal division between a frequently visited daytime city and a much less frequently visited evening and nighttime city. Furthermore, lower intensity evening activities such as theatres and cinemas are distinguished from the higher intensity nighttime activities of pubs and clubs, with restaurants and cafes occupying an intermediate position. The evening clientele visit less frequently and are disproportionately drawn from the older and higher status social groups, whereas later at night, pubs and clubs are visited more frequently, and by imbalances of the young, lower status groups, and students. The city centre is seen as an area of spatial, temporal, and social segregation, with implications for policies that aim towards a more inclusive and safer 24-hour city. The conclusions emphasise the importance of time in urban geographical research and in policies for city-centre revitalisation.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Oct 1, 2003
Deposit Date Jan 22, 2010
Journal Environment and Planning A
Print ISSN 0308-518X
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 35
Issue 10
Pages 1831-1851
Keywords urban areas, time, space, city centre, activities, users
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Additional Information : Equal co-author. Based on research funded by the City and County of Swansea and the Welsh Development Agency for Tallon's PhD. Provided evidence of the fragmentation of use patterns of city centre space, and revealed information on the nature of the use of the evening and night-time economy.
Contract Date Nov 15, 2016