Frequency Modulation parameter estimation has provided a continual challenge to researchers since its first application to audio synthesis over thirty years ago. Recent research has made use of basic evolutionary optimisation algorithms to evolve sounds produced by non-standard Frequency Modulation arrangements. In contrast, this paper utilises recent advances in multi-modal evolutionary optimisation to perform dynamic-sound matching with traditional arrangements. In doing so, a technique is developed that is not synthesiser dependent, and provides the potential for alternative methods of synthesis control.
Mitchell, T. J. (2005, May). Frequency modulation tone matching using a fuzzy clustering evolution strategy. Paper presented at Audio Engineering Society 118th Convention