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Image is everything: Educator awareness of perceived barriers for students with physical disabilities in geoscience degree programs (2019)
Journal Article
Mol, L., & Atchison, C. (2019). Image is everything: Educator awareness of perceived barriers for students with physical disabilities in geoscience degree programs. Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 43(4), 544-567. https://doi.org/10.1080/03098265.2019.1660862

This exploratory pilot study builds on the image issues associated with geoscience degrees (namely physical geography and geology) and the potential obstacles this creates for prospective applicants with physical disabilities; departmental faculty ma... Read More about Image is everything: Educator awareness of perceived barriers for students with physical disabilities in geoscience degree programs.

Integrating structure-from-motion photogrammetry into rock weathering field methodologies (2019)
Journal Article
Mol, L., & Clarke, L. (2019). Integrating structure-from-motion photogrammetry into rock weathering field methodologies. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 44(13), 2671-2684. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.4693

© 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Despite recent rapid advances in the field of structure-from-motion (SfM) photogrammetry, the use of high-resolution data to investigate small-scale processes is a relatively underdeveloped field. In particular, rock... Read More about Integrating structure-from-motion photogrammetry into rock weathering field methodologies.

Permeability and surface hardness surveying of stone damaged by ballistic impact (2019)
Journal Article
Gilbert, O., Mol, L., Campbell, O., & Blenkinsop, T. (in press). Permeability and surface hardness surveying of stone damaged by ballistic impact. Heritage, 2(2), 1369-1389. https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage2020087

Recent instances of the destruction of cultural assets in conflict zones have demonstrated the need to develop methods which will allow for the assessment of damage to heritage stone in the field. In particular, non-destructive methods would be inval... Read More about Permeability and surface hardness surveying of stone damaged by ballistic impact.

Bullet impacts and built heritage damage 1640–1939 (2018)
Journal Article
Mol, L., & Gomez-Heras, M. (2018). Bullet impacts and built heritage damage 1640–1939. Heritage Science, 6(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s40494-018-0200-7

© 2018, The Author(s). Conflict damage to heritage has been thrust into the global spotlight during recent conflict in the Middle East. While the use of social media has heightened and enhanced public awareness of this ‘cultural terrorism’, the occur... Read More about Bullet impacts and built heritage damage 1640–1939.

Implications of vegetation growth and rock weathering rinds associated with periglacial sorted circles and stone-/turf-banked lobes on Mafadi/Njesuthi summits, high Drakensberg, southern Africa (2018)
Presentation / Conference
Grab, S., Mol, L., Knight, J., Botha, T., Woodborne, S., & Carbutt, C. (2018, April). Implications of vegetation growth and rock weathering rinds associated with periglacial sorted circles and stone-/turf-banked lobes on Mafadi/Njesuthi summits, high Drakensberg, southern Africa. Poster presented at European Geosciences Union General Assembly

Large sorted circles (>30 cm in diameter and consisting of pebble centres and cobble to boulder borders, commonly vertically aligned) and stone banked lobes are thought to have formed during colder Neoglacial periods during the Holocene, but their ag... Read More about Implications of vegetation growth and rock weathering rinds associated with periglacial sorted circles and stone-/turf-banked lobes on Mafadi/Njesuthi summits, high Drakensberg, southern Africa.

Armed conflict impacts on the microscale (2017)
Journal Article
Mol, L. (2017). Armed conflict impacts on the microscale. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 902(1), https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/902/1/012032

© Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd. Armed conflict has left noticeable marks on our heritage, and has increasingly become a target in itself despite protective legislature such as the 1950 The Hague convention. Both built heritage and st... Read More about Armed conflict impacts on the microscale.

The benefit of a tough skin: Bullet holes, weathering and the preservation of heritage (2017)
Journal Article
Mol, L., Gomez-Heras, M., Brassey, C., Green, O., & Blenkinsop, T. (2017). The benefit of a tough skin: Bullet holes, weathering and the preservation of heritage. Royal Society Open Science, 4(2), https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.160335

© 2017 The Authors. Projectile damage to building stone is a widespread phenomenon. Sites damaged 100 years ago during the First World War still see daily use, while in a more contemporary setting numerous reports show the damage to buildings in Baby... Read More about The benefit of a tough skin: Bullet holes, weathering and the preservation of heritage.

Photoacclimation by arctic cryoconite phototrophs (2017)
Journal Article
Yallop, M. L., Williamson, C. J., Perkins, R. G., Bagshaw, E., Mol, L., Fagan, D., & Gamble, M. (2017). Photoacclimation by arctic cryoconite phototrophs. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 93(5), https://doi.org/10.1093/femsec/fix018

© FEMS 2017. All rights reserved. Cryoconite is a matrix of sediment, biogenic polymer and a microbial community that resides on glacier surfaces. The phototrophic component of this community is well adapted to this extreme environment, including hig... Read More about Photoacclimation by arctic cryoconite phototrophs.

Long-term studies of land degradation in the Sneeuberg uplands, eastern Karoo, South Africa: A synthesis (2017)
Journal Article
Suich, H., Mol, L., Favis-Mortlock, D. T., Rowntree, K. M., Foster, I. D., Boardman, J., …Gaynor, D. (2017). Long-term studies of land degradation in the Sneeuberg uplands, eastern Karoo, South Africa: A synthesis. Geomorphology, 285, 106-120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2017.01.024

© 2017 Elsevier B.V. For the past 15yr, the Sneeuberg uplands in the eastern Karoo, South Africa, have been a focus for research on land degradation by the above authors and other colleagues. Earlier work in the Karoo emphasised vegetation change whe... Read More about Long-term studies of land degradation in the Sneeuberg uplands, eastern Karoo, South Africa: A synthesis.

Geomorphology, conflict and heritage; the new frontier? (2016)
Presentation / Conference
Mol, L. (2016, December). Geomorphology, conflict and heritage; the new frontier?. Presented at Invited lecture hosted by Glasgow University

Projectile damage to building stone is a widespread phenomenon; sites damaged during World War I still see daily use while contemporary reports show damage to buildings in Palmyra and Mosul. Despite an ever-growing body of weathering research documen... Read More about Geomorphology, conflict and heritage; the new frontier?.

Cultural heritage documentation and conservation: Three-dimensional (3D) and geographical information system (GIS) techniques for shrapnel damage of facade School of Medicine of the Complutense University of Madrid (2016)
Presentation / Conference
Lopez-Gonzalez, L., Gomez-Heras, M., & Mol, L. (2016, September). Cultural heritage documentation and conservation: Three-dimensional (3D) and geographical information system (GIS) techniques for shrapnel damage of facade School of Medicine of the Complutense University of Madrid. Poster presented at 5th International Conference YOCOCU 2016

Projectile damage to buildings is a wide spread, yet underrepresented in weathering and conservation research as mechanism of deterioration. Affected sites range from buildings damaged in past conflicts, such as the First World War, to modern day thr... Read More about Cultural heritage documentation and conservation: Three-dimensional (3D) and geographical information system (GIS) techniques for shrapnel damage of facade School of Medicine of the Complutense University of Madrid.

Sediment production in warming Arctic environments; a potential problem? (2016)
Presentation / Conference
Mol, L., Bagshaw, E., Cartwright, J., Channon, M., & Selwood, N. (2016, September). Sediment production in warming Arctic environments; a potential problem?. Paper presented at British Society for Geomorphology Annual General Meeting

The Arctic is rapidly warming up; this statement has been confirmed in an ever growing body of scientific literature. This shift from a glaciated environment to a paraglacial environment bring with it challenges to ecosystems as well as human habitat... Read More about Sediment production in warming Arctic environments; a potential problem?.

Microclimatic weathering in 3D; an Arctic case study (2016)
Presentation / Conference
Mol, L., & Clarke, L. (2016, September). Microclimatic weathering in 3D; an Arctic case study. Poster presented at British Society for Geomorphology Annual General Meeting

This study investigates the influence of microclimate on weathering behaviour of sedimentary stone in an Arctic environment. In situ weathering rates can be difficult to quantify because of inherited weathering and the complexity of uncontrolled cond... Read More about Microclimatic weathering in 3D; an Arctic case study.

Using 3D imaging to map bullet impacts in sandstone (2016)
Presentation / Conference
Mol, L., Gomez-Heras, M., Brassey, C., Green, O., & Blenkinsop, T. (2016, June). Using 3D imaging to map bullet impacts in sandstone. Poster presented at SEAHA 2nd Annual Conference

Bullet impacts on heritage surfaces are increasingly a concern for conservation scientists; the escalating conflicts in the Middle East are often in the news for the deliberate targeting of heritage sites. The full destruction of sites, using large-s... Read More about Using 3D imaging to map bullet impacts in sandstone.

Defining tafoni: Re-examining terminological ambiguity for cavernous rock decay phenomena (2015)
Journal Article
Paradise, T. R., Allen, C. D., Groom, K. M., Groom, K. M., Allen, C. D., Mol, L., …Hall, K. (2015). Defining tafoni: Re-examining terminological ambiguity for cavernous rock decay phenomena. Progress in Physical Geography, 39(6), 775-793. https://doi.org/10.1177/0309133315605037

© 2015, © The Author(s) 2015. Cavernous rock decay processes represent a global phenomenon, ubiquitous to all environments, with the viewable-in-landscape form usually being the final descriptor (e.g. “alveoli”), sometimes alluding to the specific de... Read More about Defining tafoni: Re-examining terminological ambiguity for cavernous rock decay phenomena.

Measuring rock hardness in the field (2014)
Book Chapter
Mol, L. (2014). Measuring rock hardness in the field. In J. Nield, & L. Clarke (Eds.), Geomorphological TechniquesBritish Society for Geomorphology

Rock surface hardness is often used as an indicator of the degree to which a rock surface has weathered. As the surface deteriorates the loss of cohesion results in crumbling of the surface, increased pore water circulation and dislodging of sections... Read More about Measuring rock hardness in the field.

Investigations into the relationship between changes in internal moisture regimes and rock surface deterioration in cavernous sandstone features (2013)
Journal Article
Mol, L. (2014). Investigations into the relationship between changes in internal moisture regimes and rock surface deterioration in cavernous sandstone features. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 39(7), 914-927. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.3497

Cavernous features commonly develop in sandstone, but their development over time remains enigmatic. It has been suggested that moisture movements within the rock mass play a key role in the location, development and dynamics of cavernous features. I... Read More about Investigations into the relationship between changes in internal moisture regimes and rock surface deterioration in cavernous sandstone features.

The role of fieldwork in rock decay research: Case studies from the fringe (2013)
Journal Article
Paradise, T. R., Groom, K. M., Dixon, J. C., Allen, C. D., Gordon, S. J., Dorn, R. I., …Turkington, A. V. (2013). The role of fieldwork in rock decay research: Case studies from the fringe. Geomorphology, 200, 59-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2012.12.012

Researchers exploring rock decay hail from chemistry, engineering, geography, geology, paleoclimatology, soil science, and other disciplines and use laboratory, microscopic, theoretical, and field-based strategies. We illustrate here how the traditio... Read More about The role of fieldwork in rock decay research: Case studies from the fringe.

Exposing drying patterns: Using electrical resistivity tomography to monitor capillary rise in sandstone under varying drying conditions (2013)
Journal Article
Mol, L., & Viles, H. (2013). Exposing drying patterns: Using electrical resistivity tomography to monitor capillary rise in sandstone under varying drying conditions. Environmental Earth Sciences, 68(6), 1647-1659. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-012-1858-x

Rising damp and other moisture movements through porous stone and rock are known to cause weathering and deterioration, as noted in a range of recent field and laboratory studies. However, relatively little is known about the behaviour of moisture wi... Read More about Exposing drying patterns: Using electrical resistivity tomography to monitor capillary rise in sandstone under varying drying conditions.


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