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Did firm age, experience, and access to finance count? SME performance after the global financial crisis (2017)
Journal Article
Cowling, M., Liu, W., & Zhang, N. (2018). Did firm age, experience, and access to finance count? SME performance after the global financial crisis. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 28(1), 77-100. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00191-017-0502-z

© 2017, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. This paper examines the relationships between firm age and entrepreneurs experience on SME performance after the 2008/09 global financial crisis. We find that in general the crisis had a long-lasting scarrin... Read More about Did firm age, experience, and access to finance count? SME performance after the global financial crisis.

The world is your oyster: The effects of knowledge, human capital, technology and entry timing on international growth (2016)
Journal Article
Cowling, M., Liu, W., & Zhang, N. (2016). The world is your oyster: The effects of knowledge, human capital, technology and entry timing on international growth

We draw on elements of several established theories of internationalization to provide a framework for exploring international market entry and scale of entry measured by number of foreign markets entered for a sample of young, high-tech, firms from... Read More about The world is your oyster: The effects of knowledge, human capital, technology and entry timing on international growth.

UK credit and discouragement during the GFC (2016)
Journal Article
Minniti, M., Cowling, M., Liu, W., Minniti, M., & Zhang, N. (2016). UK credit and discouragement during the GFC. Small Business Economics, 47(4), 1049-1074. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-016-9745-6

© 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York. The availability of credit to entrepreneurs with good investment opportunities is an important facilitator of economic growth. Under normal economic conditions, most entrepreneurs who requested loans... Read More about UK credit and discouragement during the GFC.

Access to bank finance for UK SMEs in the wake of the recent financial crisis (2016)
Journal Article
Cowling, M., Liu, W., & Zhang, N. (2016). Access to bank finance for UK SMEs in the wake of the recent financial crisis. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior and Research, 22(6), 903-932. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJEBR-06-2015-0126

© 2016, © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate how entrepreneurs demand for external finance changed as the economy continued to be mired in its third and fourth years of the global financial crisis (... Read More about Access to bank finance for UK SMEs in the wake of the recent financial crisis.

What really happens to small and medium-sized enterprises in a global economic recession? UK evidence on sales and job dynamics (2015)
Journal Article
Cowling, M., Liu, W., Ledger, A., & Zhang, N. (2015). What really happens to small and medium-sized enterprises in a global economic recession? UK evidence on sales and job dynamics. International Small Business Journal, 33(5), 488-513. https://doi.org/10.1177/0266242613512513

© 2014, © The Author(s) 2014. This article uses UK data to consider how small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) 1 coped during the recent financial crisis. This is important, as SMEs are major contributors to job creation, but are vulnerable to fa... Read More about What really happens to small and medium-sized enterprises in a global economic recession? UK evidence on sales and job dynamics.