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Acceptability of Lycra arm sleeve in people with sub-acute stroke: Patients', carers' and clinicians' perspectives

Kumar, Praveen; Jones, Robert; Cramp, Mary; Greenwood, Rosemary; White, Paul; Turton, Ailie


Robert Jones

Mary Cramp
Portfolio Lead: Health and Social Wellbeing Research

Rosemary Greenwood

Paul White
Professor in Applied Statistics

Ailie Turton
Senior Lecturer in Occupational Therapy


Background: Previous studies found that the Lycra sleeve has potential to reduce glenohumeral subluxation in people with stroke. The primary aim of this study was to explore the acceptability of the Lycra sleeve from patients’, carers’ and staff perceptive in the sub-acute phase of stroke. Method: Stroke survivors over 18 years with hemiplegia and muscle strength of ≤ 3 (Medical Research Council scale) shoulder abduction, able to provide informed consent were recruited as soon as they were medically stable. Patients wore the Lycra sleeve for up to 10 h/day for three months. A questionnaire was administered three months post-sleeve application to immediate and delayed groups and healthcare staff. Results: Twenty-seven patients (immediate group (n = 19), delayed group (n = 8)), 23 carers/family-members and 36 healthcare staff (nurses (n = 10), nursing assistants (n = 5), physiotherapists (n = 10), physiotherapy assistants (n = 3) and occupational therapists (n = 8) completed a questionnaire. Several staff reported for more than one patient resulting in up to 37 responses to some questions from nursing staff and 46 responses from therapy staff. Of 27 patients, all found the sleeve to be comfortable. The average time to apply the sleeve was between two and five minutes. The sleeve was reported as acceptable in daily life by patients (96%, n = 24/25), carers/family-members (96%, n = 21/22), by nurses (92%, n = 34/37) and in routine clinical practice by therapists (91%, n = 41/45). Conclusion: Wearing of Lycra sleeve was acceptable for patients during activities of daily living/rehabilitation. However, research is required on the effectiveness of the sleeve before this can be routinely used in clinical practice.


Kumar, P., Jones, R., Cramp, M., Greenwood, R., White, P., & Turton, A. (2023). Acceptability of Lycra arm sleeve in people with sub-acute stroke: Patients', carers' and clinicians' perspectives. Physiotherapy, 118, 31-38.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 12, 2022
Online Publication Date Aug 19, 2022
Publication Date Mar 1, 2023
Deposit Date Sep 6, 2022
Publicly Available Date Sep 7, 2022
Journal Physiotherapy (United Kingdom)
Electronic ISSN 1873-1465
Publisher De Gruyter Open
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 118
Pages 31-38
Public URL
Publisher URL


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