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Leaving no one behind: Interventions and outcomes of the COVID-19 vaccine maximising uptake programme

Berrou, Ilhem; Hamilton, Kathryn; Cook, Clare; Armour, Clare; Hughes, Sian; Hancock, Jude; Quigg, Sally; Hajinur, Huda; Srivastava, Seema; Kenward, Charlie; Ali, Amjid; Hobbs, Laura; Milani, Elena; Walsh, Nicola

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Ilhem Berrou
Senior Lecturer in Applied Pharmacology

Kathryn Hamilton

Clare Cook

Clare Armour

Sian Hughes

Jude Hancock

Sally Quigg

Huda Hajinur

Seema Srivastava

Charlie Kenward

Amjid Ali

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Elena Milani
Associate Lecturer - HAS Applied Sciences - UDAS0001

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Nicola Walsh
Professor in Knowledge Mobilisation & Muscul


The devastating impact of COVID-19 on individuals and communities has accelerated the development of vaccines and the deployment of ambitious vaccination programmes to reduce the risks of infection, infection transmission and symptom severity. However, many people delay or refuse to get vaccinated against COVID-19, for many complex reasons. Vaccination programmes that are tailored to address individual and communities’ COVID-19 concerns can improve vaccine uptake rates and help achieve the required herd-immunity threshold. The Maximising Uptake Programme has led to the vaccination of 7979 people from February–August 2021 in the South West of England, UK, who are at high risk of severe illness from COVID-19 and/or may not access the COVID-19 vaccines through mass vaccination centres and general practices. These include: people experiencing homelessness; non-English-speaking people; people from minority ethnic groups; refugees and asylum seekers; Gypsy, Roma, Travelers and boat people; and those who are less able to access vaccination centres, such as people with learning difficulties, serious mental illness, drug and alcohol dependence, people with physical and sensory impairment, and people with dementia. Outreach work coupled with a targeted communication and engagement campaign, co-designed with community leaders and influencers, have led to significant engagement and COVID-19 vaccine uptake among the target populations.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 19, 2022
Online Publication Date May 25, 2022
Publication Date Jun 1, 2022
Deposit Date Aug 2, 2022
Publicly Available Date Aug 2, 2022
Journal Vaccines
Electronic ISSN 2076-393X
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Issue 6
Pages 840
Keywords asylum seekers, community co-design, Gypsy Roma Travelers communities, minority ethnic groups, boat people, COVID-19, refugees, outreach vaccination, vaccine hesitancy, community-based interventions
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Copyright Statement
Copyright: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and
conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (

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