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The power of collateral: The ECB and geographies of bank funding

Gabor, Daniela

Authors



Abstract

This paper explores the importance of geographies of bank funding for the design of central banks’ crisis interventions in financial markets. It first distinguishes between market-based and bank-based measures to then focus on the collateral management strategies of European banks, in the context of an increasing reliance on secured market funding, to discuss a crucial policy challenge in monetary unions with integrated funding markets: banks’ ability to access market funding depends on existing portfolios of marketable collateral – in Eurozone mainly sovereign bonds. The constraints on the central bank’s ability to stabilize markets for collateral may thus worsen banks’ funding conditions through ‘coordinated risks’ between counterparty (bank) and collateral (sovereign). Since bank-based crisis policies cannot offer effective solutions for preserving the role of sovereign bonds as marketable collateral, the dilemma of how to stabilize funding markets within the existing European institutional architecture remains unresolved.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date May 18, 2012
Journal Social Science Research Network
Peer Reviewed Not Peer Reviewed
APA6 Citation Gabor, D. (2012). The power of collateral: The ECB and geographies of bank funding. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2062315
DOI https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2062315
Keywords unconventional monetary policies, European Central Bank, repo market funding, marketable collateral, sovereign bond crisis, eurozone
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2062315