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Dynamic soaring mechanisms in the ocean boundary layer

Toomer, Christine A.; Bonnin, Vincent; Benard, Emmanuel; Toomer, Chris; Moschetta, Jean Marc


Christine A. Toomer

Vincent Bonnin

Emmanuel Benard

Jean Marc Moschetta


Copyright © 2016 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Dynamic soaring is a flying technique which extracts energy from an environment where wind gradients form, such as the air-sea interface above oceans that sees such gradients developing through multiple and combined phenomena. Models of wind-wave interactions are analysed in terms of their influence on the induced wind field, before selecting a purely sinusoidal peak wave from the wave spectrum and developing the related wind field using stable laminar theory. Dynamic soaring trajectories are then derived by optimising a nonlinear constrained problem that models the evolution of a point mass vehicle. Characteristic phases of dynamic soaring flight are evidenced out of the overall trajectories and compared to the flat-ocean case in order to conclude on the influence of waves regarding dynamic soaring performances.


Toomer, C. A., Bonnin, V., Benard, E., Toomer, C., & Moschetta, J. M. (2016). Dynamic soaring mechanisms in the ocean boundary layer. International Journal of Engineering Systems Modelling and Simulation, 8(2), 136-148.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 1, 2015
Publication Date Jan 1, 2016
Journal International Journal of Engineering Systems Modelling and Simulation
Print ISSN 1755-9758
Electronic ISSN 1755-9766
Publisher Inderscience
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 8
Issue 2
Pages 136-148
Keywords dynamic soaring, ocean boundary layer
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