Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Dynamic soaring mechanisms in the ocean boundary layer

Toomer, Christine A.; Bonnin, Vincent; Benard, Emmanuel; Toomer, Chris; Moschetta, Jean Marc


Christine A. Toomer

Vincent Bonnin

Emmanuel Benard

Jean Marc Moschetta


Copyright © 2016 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Dynamic soaring is a flying technique which extracts energy from an environment where wind gradients form, such as the air-sea interface above oceans that sees such gradients developing through multiple and combined phenomena. Models of wind-wave interactions are analysed in terms of their influence on the induced wind field, before selecting a purely sinusoidal peak wave from the wave spectrum and developing the related wind field using stable laminar theory. Dynamic soaring trajectories are then derived by optimising a nonlinear constrained problem that models the evolution of a point mass vehicle. Characteristic phases of dynamic soaring flight are evidenced out of the overall trajectories and compared to the flat-ocean case in order to conclude on the influence of waves regarding dynamic soaring performances.


Toomer, C. A., Bonnin, V., Benard, E., Toomer, C., & Moschetta, J. M. (2016). Dynamic soaring mechanisms in the ocean boundary layer. International Journal of Engineering Systems Modelling and Simulation, 8(2), 136-148.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 1, 2015
Publication Date Jan 1, 2016
Deposit Date Feb 1, 2016
Journal International Journal of Engineering Systems Modelling and Simulation
Print ISSN 1755-9758
Electronic ISSN 1755-9766
Publisher Inderscience
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 8
Issue 2
Pages 136-148
Keywords dynamic soaring, ocean boundary layer
Public URL
Publisher URL