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3D finite element model for predicting manufacturing distortions of composite parts

Çinar, Kenan; Çınar, Kenan; Ersoy, Nuri

Authors

Kenan Çinar

Kenan Çınar

Nuri Ersoy Nuri3.Ersoy@uwe.ac.uk
Senior Lecturer in Mechanical Engineering



Abstract

A 3D finite element model has been developed for predicting manufacturing distortions of fibre-reinforced thermosetting composite parts. The total curing process is divided into three steps that correspond to the states that resin passes through during curing: viscous, rubbery, and glassy. Tool–part interaction properties were calibrated by modelling the distortion of a single ply part. For comparison, composite parts of various geometries (L-section and U-section), stacking sequences, thicknesses, and bagging conditions were manufactured. The full field thickness profile and full field distortion pattern were obtained using a 3D laser scanner, which reveals higher and lower resin bleeding and corner thickening locations. The effect of stacking sequence is also examined with the full field distortion pattern. It was found that the parts manufactured under the bleeding condition give higher spring-in and warpage values. The spring-in predictions were well matched to measurements of the manufactured parts.

Citation

Çınar, K., & Ersoy, N. (2016). 3D finite element model for predicting manufacturing distortions of composite parts. Journal of Composite Materials, 50(27), 3791-3807. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998315625789

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 1, 2016
Online Publication Date Jan 27, 2016
Publication Date Nov 1, 2016
Journal Journal of Composite Materials
Print ISSN 0021-9983
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 50
Issue 27
Pages 3791-3807
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998315625789
Keywords thermosetting resins, residual/internal stress, finite element analysis, autoclave
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/906582
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0021998315625789
Additional Information Additional Information : Copyright(c)2016 Reprinted by permission of SAGE publications.

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