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The past and present of transnational organized crime in America

Woodiwiss, Michael; Young, Mary


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Mary Young
Associate Professor in Law


Felia Allum

Stan Gilmour


This fully revised new edition provides a definitive and holistic overview of Transnational Organized Crime (TOC) in a world in which right wing populism has gained ground, trade wars are increasing, climate change is a reality and Covid poses a challenge for years to come.

Updated to reflect the changing world environment, the book includes new chapters on issues such as criminal network analysis, environmental crime, cybercrime, people smuggling, drugs activities in the modern world, the relationship between organized crime and corruption, anti-organized crime resilience and the effectiveness of the fight against organized crime. New country case studies have also been included. The handbook is presented in six sections:

• Concepts, theories and laws

• Origins and manifestations

• Contagion and evolution

• Intensity and impact

• Governance

• Reaction and future  

Truly interdisciplinary in nature, the handbook features contributions from an international team of experts, working in different academic disciplines and within varied law enforcement agencies. It will appeal to scholars, policymakers and practitioners in International Law, Global Governance, International Political Economy and Security Studies.


Woodiwiss, M., & Young, M. (2021). The past and present of transnational organized crime in America. In F. Allum, & S. Gilmour (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Transnational Organized Crime (90-140). (Second). OXON: Routledge.

Online Publication Date Nov 9, 2021
Publication Date Nov 9, 2021
Deposit Date Feb 19, 2022
Publisher Routledge
Pages 90-140
Edition Second
Book Title The Routledge Handbook of Transnational Organized Crime
Keywords transnational, organized, organised, crime
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