This chapter demonstrates how metaphors used in the British parliament show evidence of varying attitudes towards the underlying conceptual metaphors NATION STATES ARE COMPETITORS and LIFE IS A RACE. More generally it shows the ideological motivation that underlies much political language by identifying the concepts that underlie metaphor choices; this serves to reveal their rhetorical role in the creation of power. The Competitive Race metaphor is one that is ideologically contested between supporters and opponents of unregulated capitalism and the ‘free’ market.
Charteris-Black, J. (2017). Competition metaphors & ideology: Life as a race. In R. Wodak, & B. Forchtner (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Language and Politics, 202-217. Routledge