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Evaluating implementation of a fireprevention injury prevention briefing in children's centres: Cluster randomised controlled trial

Deave, Toity; Hawkins, Adrian; Kumar, Arun; Hayes, Mike; Cooper, Nicola; Watson, Michael; Ablewhite, Joanne; Coupland, Carol; Sutton, Alex; Majsak-Newman, Gosia; McDaid, Lisa; Goodenough, Trudy; Beckett, Kate; McColl, Elaine; Reading, Richard; Kendrick, Denise

Authors

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Toity Deave Toity.Deave@uwe.ac.uk
Associate Professor in Child & Family Health

Adrian Hawkins

Arun Kumar

Mike Hayes

Nicola Cooper

Michael Watson

Joanne Ablewhite

Carol Coupland

Alex Sutton

Gosia Majsak-Newman

Lisa McDaid

Kate Beckett

Elaine McColl

Richard Reading

Denise Kendrick



Abstract

Background
Many developed countries have high mortality rates for fire-related deaths in children aged 0-14 years with steep social gradients. Evidence-based interventions to promote fire safety practices exist, but the impact of implementing a range of these interventions in children's services has not been assessed. We developed an Injury Prevention Briefing (IPB), which brought together evidence about effective fire safety interventions and good practice in delivering interventions; plus training and facilitation to support its use and evaluated its implementation.

Methods
We conducted a cluster randomised controlled trial, with integrated qualitative and costeffectiveness nested studies, across four study sites in England involving children's centres in disadvantaged areas; participants were staff and families attending those centres. Centres were stratified by study site and randomised within strata to one of three arms: IPB plus facilitation (IPB+), IPB only, usual care. IPB+ centres received initial training and facilitation at months 1, 3, and 8. Baseline data from children's centres were collected between August 2011 and January 2012 and follow-up data were collected between June 2012 and June 2013. Parent baseline data were collected between January 2012 and May 2012 and followup data between May 2013 and September 2013. Data comprised baseline and 12 month parent- and staff-completed questionnaires, facilitation contact data, activity logs and staff interviews. The primary outcome was whether families had a plan for escaping from a house fire. Treatment arms were compared using multilevel models to account for clustering by children's centre.

Results
1112 parents at 36 children's centres participated. There was no significant effect of the intervention on families' possession of plans for escaping from a house fire (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) IPB only vs. usual care: 0.93, 95%CI 0.58, 1.49; AOR IPB+ vs. usual care 1.41, 95%CI 0.91, 2.20). However, significantly more families in the intervention arms reported more behaviours for escaping from house fires (AOR IPB only vs. usual care: 2.56, 95%CI 01.38, 4.76; AOR IPB+ vs. usual care 1.78, 95%CI 1.01, 3.15).

Conclusion
Our study demonstrated that children's centres can deliver an injury prevention intervention to families in disadvantaged communities and achieve changes in home safety behaviours.

Citation

Deave, T., Hawkins, A., Kumar, A., Hayes, M., Cooper, N., Watson, M., …Kendrick, D. (2017). Evaluating implementation of a fireprevention injury prevention briefing in children's centres: Cluster randomised controlled trial. PLoS ONE, 12(3), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0172584

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 5, 2017
Online Publication Date Mar 24, 2017
Publication Date Mar 24, 2017
Deposit Date Apr 25, 2017
Journal PLoS ONE
Electronic ISSN 1932-6203
Publisher Public Library of Science
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 3
Article Number e0172584
DOI https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0172584
Keywords fire-related deaths, injury prevention briefing, injury prevention intervention
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/896550
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0172584