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What activities might facilitate personal recovery for adults who continue to self-harm? A meta-synthesis employing the connectedness/hope and optimism/identity/meaning/empowerment framework

Williams, Jo; Deering, Kris

Authors

Jo Williams Joanne8.Williams@uwe.ac.uk
Senior Lecturer in Mental Health Nursing

Kris Deering Kris3.Deering@uwe.ac.uk
Senior Lecturer in Mental Health Nursing



Abstract

© 2017 Australian College of Mental Health Nurses Inc. Self-harm is an international concern. While treatment in health care focusses on methods to reduce the act, there is less exploration in how to assist adults who are unable to minimize their self-harm. In order to aid these people, in the present systematic review, we employed a qualitative meta-synthesis to explore the lived experience of what activities might facilitate personal recovery for adults who continue to self-harm. Findings were interpreted by drawing on the CHIME framework; a taxonomy of personal recovery comprising of connectedness, hope and optimism, identity, meaning and purpose, and empowerment. The located activities in the review converged on different support groups, and although face-to-face groups were discovered, the majority highlighted the benefits of Internet forums where mutuality and reciprocity were key to promoting personal recovery. Adults desired time to share accounts of themselves, to develop connection and identity. Furthermore, hope was established by group members accepting that self-harm has a role, while congregating with others who did not judge the act. Helping relationships also promoted hope by having a balance between goals and protection against disappointment. The nature of writing online seemingly had cathartic properties fostering meaning, alongside empowerment being facilitated by adults controlling the narrative of their self-harm. It is hoped that these insights might guide self-harm research to develop beyond the confines of minimizing self-injury in health care.

Journal Article Type Review
Publication Date Apr 1, 2018
Journal International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Print ISSN 1445-8330
Electronic ISSN 1447-0349
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 27
Issue 2
Pages 483-497
APA6 Citation Williams, J., & Deering, K. (2018). What activities might facilitate personal recovery for adults who continue to self-harm? A meta-synthesis employing the connectedness/hope and optimism/identity/meaning/empowerment framework. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 27(2), 483-497. https://doi.org/10.1111/inm.12387
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/inm.12387
Keywords Internet forum, meta-synthesis, personal recovery, qualitative, self-harm
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/inm.12387
Additional Information Additional Information : This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Deering, K. and Williams, J. (2017) What activities might facilitate personal recovery for adults who continue to self-harm? A meta-synthesis employing CHIME. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing. ISSN 1447-0349. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/33265, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/inm.12387. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

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