Setting up a cohort study in speech and language therapy: Lessons from The UK Cleft Collective Speech and Language (CC-SL) Study
Wren, Yvonne; Humphries, Kerry; Stock, Nicola Marie; Rumsey, Nichola; Lewis, Sarah; Davies, Amy; Bennett, Rhiannon; Sandy, Jonathan
Nicola Stock Nicola2.Stock@uwe.ac.uk
Senior Research Fellow
Background: Efforts to increase the evidence base in speech and language therapy are often limited by methodological factors which have restricted the strength of the evidence to the lower levels on the evidence hierarchy. Where higher graded studies, such as randomised controlled trials have been carried out, it has sometimes been difficult to obtain sufficient power to detect a potential effect of intervention owing to small sample sizes or heterogeneity in the participants. With certain clinical groups such as cleft lip and palate, systematic reviews of intervention studies have shown that there is no robust evidence to support the efficacy of any one intervention protocol over another.
Aims: The aim of this paper is to describe the setting up of an observational clinical cohort study and to present this as an alternative design for answering research questions relating to prevalence, risk factors and outcomes from intervention. Methods: The Cleft Collective Speech and Language Study is a national cohort study of children born with cleft palate. Working in partnership with regional clinical cleft centres, a sample size of over 600 children and 600 parents is being recruited and followed up from birth to age 5. Variables being collected include demographic, psychological, surgical, hearing and speech and language data. Main Contribution: The process of setting up the study has led to the creation of a unique, largescale dataset which is available for researchers to access now and in the future. As well as exploring predictive factors, the data can be used to explore the impact of interventions in relation to individual differences. Findings from these investigations can be used to provide information on sample criteria and definitions of intervention and dosage which can be used in future trials.
Conclusions. The observational cohort study is a useful alternative design to explore questions around prevalence, risk factors and intervention for clinical groups where robust research data are not yet available. Findings from such a study can be used to guide service delivery decisions and to determine power for future clinical trials.
Wren, Y., Humphries, K., Stock, N. M., Rumsey, N., Lewis, S., Davies, A., …Sandy, J. (2018). Setting up a cohort study in speech and language therapy: Lessons from The UK Cleft Collective Speech and Language (CC-SL) Study. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 53(3), 421-430. https://doi.org/10.1111/1460-6984.12364
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Sep 29, 2017|
|Online Publication Date||Dec 18, 2017|
|Publication Date||May 1, 2018|
|Deposit Date||Jan 16, 2018|
|Journal||International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Cleft palate, Cohort, speech disorder, Cleft Collective|
|Additional Information||Additional Information : This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Wren, Y., Humphries, K., Stock, N., Rumsey, N., Lewis, S., Davies, A., Bennett, R. and Sandy, J. (2018) Setting up a cohort study in speech and language therapy: Lessons from The UK Cleft Collective Speech and Language Study. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders. ISSN 1368-2822, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1460-6984.12364. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.|
ACCEPTED Wren + Cleft Collective IJLCD Setting up a cohort study.pdf
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