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Urban local air quality management framework for non-attainment areas in Indian cities

Gulia, Sunil; Nagendra, S.M. Shiva; Barnes, Jo; Khare, Mukesh

Authors

Sunil Gulia

S.M. Shiva Nagendra

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Dr Jo Barnes Jo.Barnes@uwe.ac.uk
Associate Professor of Clean Air

Mukesh Khare



Abstract

© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Increasing urban air pollution level in Indian cities is one of the major concerns for policy makers due to its impact on public health. The growth in population and increase in associated motorised road transport demand is one of the major causes of increasing air pollution in most urban areas along with other sources e.g., road dust, construction dust, biomass burning etc. The present study documents the development of an urban local air quality management (ULAQM) framework at urban hotspots (non-attainment area) and a pathway for the flow of information from goal setting to policy making. The ULAQM also includes assessment and management of air pollution episodic conditions at these hotspots, which currently available city/regional-scale air quality management plans do not address. The prediction of extreme pollutant concentrations using a hybrid model differentiates the ULAQM from other existing air quality management plans. The developed ULAQM framework has been applied and validated at one of the busiest traffic intersections in Delhi and Chennai cities. Various scenarios have been tested targeting the effective reductions in elevated levels of NOx and PM2.5 concentrations. The results indicate that a developed ULAQM framework is capable of providing an evidence-based graded action to reduce ambient pollution levels within the specified standard level at pre-identified locations. The ULAQM framework methodology is generalised and therefore can be applied to other non-attainment areas of the country.

Citation

Gulia, S., SM, S. N., Barnes, J., & Khare, M. (2018). Urban local air quality management framework for non-attainment areas in Indian cities. Science of the Total Environment, 619-620, 1308-1318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.11.123

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 10, 2017
Online Publication Date Nov 23, 2017
Publication Date Apr 1, 2018
Journal Science of the Total Environment
Print ISSN 0048-9697
Electronic ISSN 1879-1026
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 619-620
Pages 1308-1318
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.11.123
Keywords urban local air quality management framework, non-attainment area, vehicular pollution, episodic condition, hybrid model
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/869959
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.11.123

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