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Stereotype threat may not impact women's inhibitory control or mathematical performance: Providing support for the null hypothesis

Pennington, Charlotte Rebecca; Litchfield, Damien; McLatchie, Neil M; Heim, Derek

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Authors

Damien Litchfield

Neil M McLatchie

Derek Heim



Abstract

© 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Underpinned by the findings of Jamieson and Harkins (2007; Experiment 3), the current study pits the mere effort motivational account of stereotype threat against a working memory interference account. In Experiment 1, females were primed with a negative self- or group stereotype pertaining to their visuospatial ability and completed an anti-saccade eye-tracking task. In Experiment 2 they were primed with a negative or positive group stereotype and completed an anti-saccade and mental arithmetic task. Findings indicate that stereotype threat did not significantly impair women's inhibitory control (Experiments 1 and 2) or mathematical performance (Experiment 2), with Bayesian analyses providing support for the null hypothesis. These findings are discussed in relation to potential moderating factors of stereotype threat, such as task difficulty and stereotype endorsement, as well as the possibility that effect sizes reported in the stereotype threat literature are inflated due to publication bias.

Citation

Pennington, C. R., Litchfield, D., McLatchie, N. M., & Heim, D. (2019). Stereotype threat may not impact women's inhibitory control or mathematical performance: Providing support for the null hypothesis. European Journal of Social Psychology, 49(4), 717-734. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2540

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 29, 2018
Online Publication Date Sep 4, 2018
Publication Date Jun 1, 2019
Publicly Available Date Sep 5, 2019
Journal European Journal of Social Psychology
Print ISSN 0046-2772
Electronic ISSN 1099-0992
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 49
Issue 4
Pages 717-734
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2540
Keywords stereotype threat, mathematical performance, working memory, mere effort, null hypothesis significance testing, Bayesian analysis
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/862386
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2540
Additional Information Additional Information : This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: [Pennington, C. R., Litchfield, D., McLatchie, N. M. and Heim, D. (2018) Stereotype threat may not impact women’s inhibitory control or mathematical performance: Providing support for the null hypothesis. European Journal of Social Psychology. ISSN 0046-2772], which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2540. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

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