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Registered replication report on Srull and Wyer (1979)

McCarthy, Randy J.; Skowronski, John J.; Verschuere, Bruno; Meijer, Ewout H.; Jim, Ariane; Hoogesteyn, Katherine; Orthey, Robin; Acar, Oguz A.; Aczel, Balazs; Bakos, Bence E.; Barbosa, Fernando; Baskin, Ernest; Bègue, Laurent; Ben-Shakhar, Gershon; Birt, Angie R.; Blatz, Lisa; Charman, Steve D.; Claesen, Aline; Clay, Samuel L.; Coary, Sean P.; Crusius, Jan; Evans, Jacqueline R.; Feldman, Noa; Ferreira-Santos, Fernando; Gamer, Matthias; Gerlsma, Coby; Gomes, Sara; González-Iraizoz, Marta; Holzmeister, Felix; Huber, Juergen; Huntjens, Rafaele J. C.; Isoni, Andrea; Jessup, Ryan K.; Kirchler, Michael; klein Selle, Nathalie; Koppel, Lina; Kovacs, Marton; Laine, Tei; Lentz, Frank; Loschelder, David D.; Ludvig, Elliot A.; Lynn, Monty L.; Martin, Scott D.; McLatchie, Neil M.; Mechtel, Mario; Nahari, Galit; Özdoğru, Asil Ali; Pasion, Rita; Pennington, Charlotte R.; Roets, Arne; Rozmann, Nir; Scopelliti, Irene; Spiegelman, Eli; Suchotzki, Kristina; Sutan, Angela; Szecsi, Peter; Tinghög, Gustav; Tisserand, Jean-Christian; Tran, Ulrich S.; Van Hiel, Alain; Vanpaemel, Wolf; Västfjäll, Daniel; Verliefde, Thomas; Vezirian, Kévin; Voracek, Martin; Warmelink, Lara; Wick, Katherine; Wiggins, Bradford J.; Wylie, Keith; Yıldız, Ezgi

Authors

Randy J. McCarthy

John J. Skowronski

Bruno Verschuere

Ewout H. Meijer

Ariane Jim

Katherine Hoogesteyn

Robin Orthey

Oguz A. Acar

Balazs Aczel

Bence E. Bakos

Fernando Barbosa

Ernest Baskin

Laurent Bègue

Gershon Ben-Shakhar

Angie R. Birt

Lisa Blatz

Steve D. Charman

Aline Claesen

Samuel L. Clay

Sean P. Coary

Jan Crusius

Jacqueline R. Evans

Noa Feldman

Fernando Ferreira-Santos

Matthias Gamer

Coby Gerlsma

Sara Gomes

Marta González-Iraizoz

Felix Holzmeister

Juergen Huber

Rafaele J. C. Huntjens

Andrea Isoni

Ryan K. Jessup

Michael Kirchler

Nathalie klein Selle

Lina Koppel

Marton Kovacs

Tei Laine

Frank Lentz

David D. Loschelder

Elliot A. Ludvig

Monty L. Lynn

Scott D. Martin

Neil M. McLatchie

Mario Mechtel

Galit Nahari

Asil Ali Özdoğru

Rita Pasion

Arne Roets

Nir Rozmann

Irene Scopelliti

Eli Spiegelman

Kristina Suchotzki

Angela Sutan

Peter Szecsi

Gustav Tinghög

Jean-Christian Tisserand

Ulrich S. Tran

Alain Van Hiel

Wolf Vanpaemel

Daniel Västfjäll

Thomas Verliefde

Kévin Vezirian

Martin Voracek

Lara Warmelink

Katherine Wick

Bradford J. Wiggins

Keith Wylie

Ezgi Yıldız



Abstract

Srull and Wyer (1979) demonstrated that exposing participants to more hostility-related stimuli caused them subsequently to interpret ambiguous behaviors as more hostile. In their Experiment 1, participants descrambled sets of words to form sentences. In one condition, 80% of the descrambled sentences described hostile behaviors, and in another condition, 20% described hostile behaviors. Following the descrambling task, all participants read a vignette about a man named Donald who behaved in an ambiguously hostile manner and then rated him on a set of personality traits. Next, participants rated the hostility of various ambiguously hostile behaviors (all ratings on scales from 0 to 10). Participants who descrambled mostly hostile sentences rated Donald and the ambiguous behaviors as approximately 3 scale points more hostile than did those who descrambled mostly neutral sentences. This Registered Replication Report describes the results of 26 independent replications (N = 7,373 in the total sample; k = 22 labs and N = 5,610 in the primary analyses) of Srull and Wyer’s Experiment 1, each of which followed a preregistered and vetted protocol. A random-effects meta-analysis showed that the protagonist was seen as 0.08 scale points more hostile when participants were primed with 80% hostile sentences than when they were primed with 20% hostile sentences (95% confidence interval, CI = [0.004, 0.16]). The ambiguously hostile behaviors were seen as 0.08 points less hostile when participants were primed with 80% hostile sentences than when they were primed with 20% hostile sentences (95% CI = [−0.18, 0.01]). Although the confidence interval for one outcome excluded zero and the observed effect was in the predicted direction, these results suggest that the currently used methods do not produce an assimilative priming effect that is practically and routinely detectable.

Citation

McCarthy, R. J., Skowronski, J. J., Verschuere, B., Meijer, E. H., Jim, A., Hoogesteyn, K., …Yıldız, E. (2018). Registered replication report on Srull and Wyer (1979). Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science, 1(3), 1660-1672. https://doi.org/10.1177/2515245918777487

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 1, 2018
Online Publication Date Sep 4, 2018
Publication Date Sep 1, 2018
Journal Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 1
Issue 3
Pages 1660-1672
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/2515245918777487
Keywords hostility, priming, impression formation, replication, many labs, open data, open materials, preregistered
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/861338
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2515245918777487
Additional Information Additional Information : © 2018. Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications

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