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Different interpretations of 'development' under Living Well (Bolivia) & Green Economy (South Korea)

Bell, Karen

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Karen Bell
Senior Lecturer Environmental Management


We have, perhaps, 12 years to restore planetary balance if we are to avert irreversible and abrupt
environmental change with deleterious, or even disastrous, consequences for humans. In recent years, several paradigms have emerged which may offer a way forward and which are now being discussed and/or implemented at a national level: Green Economy (e.g.
South Korea); Ecological Civilisation (China); Sufficient Economy (Thailand) and ‘Living Well’ or ‘Vivir Bien’ (e.g. Bolivia). All are potentially promising but, though there are overlaps and parallels among them, they currently represent different transition
directions. Therefore, it is vital to explore their consequences and implications. This video is one of a series linked to ESRC funded research project entitled ‘Fair and Inclusive Environmental and Social Transition Alternatives: Learning from the 'Living
Well' and 'Green Economy' pathways to sustainability’. Between February 2016 and January 2019, the project, led by Dr Karen Bell, explores the question of how to develop more sustainable, just and equitable societies. The two pathways are examined in terms of their relative merits for enabling sustainable development and environmental justice goals to be met, according to the new, post-2015, United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Environmental Justice Indicator (EJI) criteria. This video focuses
on the concept of development. What does it mean to different people and organisations in Bolivia and South Korea? For further information, see:


Bell, K. (2018). Different interpretations of 'development' under Living Well (Bolivia) & Green Economy (South Korea)

Digital Artefact Type Other
Publication Date Dec 21, 2018
Publicly Available Date Jun 7, 2019
Keywords development, sustainability, green capitalism, eco-socialism
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