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From feeding-back to feeding-forward: managerial feedback as a trigger of change in SMEs

O�Regan, Nicholas; Psychogios, Alexandros; Blakcori, Feim; Szamosi, Leslie

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Alexandros Psychogios

Feim Blakcori

Leslie Szamosi


© 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited. Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore and theorize the process of managerial feedback in relation to change in small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Design/methodology/approach: This research embraces a qualitative methodology in the context of manufacturing SMEs. Drawing on 30 in-depth interviews, and observations conducted with various managers in six SMEs operating in three countries, it is argued that managers benefit more by using daily, ongoing, feedback as a trigger of change in their organizations. Findings: The findings suggest that there is an overall view that managers appear to be reluctant to change existing processes using formalized feedback mechanisms, which runs counter-intuitive to the literature. In contrast, informal methods of feedback work better in enhancing organizational change. Moreover, another two features of feedback enhance this process, namely, benefits oriented and confidence oriented. As such, this study contributes to existing knowledge and practice by proposing a three-fold form of feedback through which managers expand their perspectives of feedback from feeding-back to feeding-forward thereby enhancing the opportunities of triggering change. Research limitations/implications: Feedback should merely be considered as a dynamic and socially constructed managerial practice. A practice where actors not only exchange information and share knowledge, but also act, react and interact with each other as they constantly rethinking the change process. The proposed aspect of feedback emphasizes knowledge therapeutically and in combination with the dialogical discourse (practical illustration) that increases the odds for capturing change as a natural, rather than exceptional. Practical implications: Practitioners, as such, may wish to consider the terminology used when it comes to studying change and its implementation in a crisis context. Using deformalized managerial feedback mechanisms to tackle a formal phenomenon like “change” could help avoid employees perceiving a negative connotation, causing resistance or confusion and feeling threatened. Therefore, the authors suggest that practitioners, during development initiatives on modernizing or altering organizational processes, consider replacing the term “change” as a formal concept. Originality/value: It is an investigation from an exploratory perspective in studying and understanding the causes, factors and modalities that trigger managerial feedback toward organizational change in manufacturing SMEs.


O’Regan, N., Psychogios, A., Blakcori, F., & Szamosi, L. (2019). From feeding-back to feeding-forward: managerial feedback as a trigger of change in SMEs. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 26(1), 18-42.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 15, 2018
Online Publication Date Aug 9, 2018
Publication Date Feb 11, 2019
Deposit Date Jun 18, 2018
Publicly Available Date Aug 9, 2018
Journal Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development
Print ISSN 1462-6004
Publisher Emerald
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 26
Issue 1
Pages 18-42
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Additional Information : This is the author's accepted manuscript. The final published version is available here:


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