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Understanding self-efficacy and the dynamics of part-time work and career aspiration

Gbadamosi, Gbolahan; Evans, Carl; Richardson, Mark; Chanthana, Yos

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Gbolahan Gbadamosi

Carl Evans
Senior Lecturer in Strategy and Operations Management

Mark Richardson

Yos Chanthana


© 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited. Purpose: Building on the self-efficacy theory and self-theories, the purpose of this paper is to investigate students working part-time whilst pursuing full-time higher education in Cambodia. It explores individuals’ part-time working activities, career aspirations and self-efficacy. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected in a cross-sectional survey of 850 business and social sciences degree students, with 199 (23.4 per cent) usable responses, of which 129 (65.2 per cent of the sample) indicated they currently have a job. Findings: Multiple regression analysis confirmed part-time work as a significant predictor of self-efficacy. There was a positive recognition of the value of part-time work, particularly in informing career aspirations. Female students were significantly more positive about part-time work, demonstrating significantly higher career aspirations than males. Results also suggest that students recognise the value that work experience hold in identifying future career directions and securing the first graduate position. Practical implications: There are potential implications for approaches to curriculum design and learning, teaching and assessment for universities. There are also clear opportunities to integrate work-based and work-related learning experience into the curriculum and facilitate greater collaboration between higher education institutions and employers in Cambodia. Social implications: There are implications for recruitment practices amongst organisations seeking to maximise the benefits derived from an increasingly highly educated workforce, including skills acquisition and development, and self-efficacy. Originality/value: It investigates the importance of income derived from part-time working to full-time university students in a developing South-East Asian country (Cambodia), where poverty levels and the need to contribute to family income potentially predominate the decision to work while studying.


Gbadamosi, G., Evans, C., Richardson, M., & Chanthana, Y. (2019). Understanding self-efficacy and the dynamics of part-time work and career aspiration. Higher Education, Skills and Work-based Learning, 9(3), 468-484.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 21, 2018
Online Publication Date Jan 23, 2019
Publication Date Aug 12, 2019
Deposit Date Nov 22, 2018
Publicly Available Date Feb 8, 2019
Journal Higher Education, Skills and Work-based Learning
Print ISSN 2042-3896
Electronic ISSN 2042-390X
Publisher Emerald
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 9
Issue 3
Pages 468-484
Keywords career aspirations, part-time work, self-efficacy, gender difference, Cambodia
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Additional Information : This is the author's accepted manuscript. The final published version is available here:


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