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Emigration and alcohol consumption among migrant household members staying behind: Evidence from Kyrgyzstan

Paulone, Sara; Ivlevs, Artjoms

Authors

Sara Paulone



Abstract

© 2018 Elsevier Ltd Despite the growth of alcohol consumption and international migration in many developing countries, the links between the two remain underexplored. We study the relationship between emigration of household members, receiving remittances (migrant monetary transfers), and alcohol consumption of migrant household members staying behind in Kyrgyzstan, a poor post-socialist country that has recently witnessed both large-scale emigration and a rise in alcohol-related health problems. Using a large longitudinal survey, we find that, among the ethnic majority (Kyrgyz), an increase in migrant remittances is associated with a higher likelihood and frequency of consuming alcohol, as well as an increase in the consumption of beer. Among ethnic Russians, the emigration of family members who do not send remittances back home is associated with an increased likelihood and frequency of alcohol consumption. We discuss possible mechanisms through which emigration and remittances may affect the alcohol consumption of those staying behind, including the relaxation of budget constraints and psychological distress. Overall, our findings suggest that the emigration of household members contribute to a greater alcohol consumption among those staying behind, and highlight the role of remittances and cultural background in understanding the nuances in this relationship.

Citation

Paulone, S., & Ivlevs, A. (2019). Emigration and alcohol consumption among migrant household members staying behind: Evidence from Kyrgyzstan. Social Science and Medicine, 221, 40-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.12.009

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 7, 2018
Online Publication Date Dec 8, 2018
Publication Date Jan 31, 2019
Deposit Date Dec 11, 2018
Publicly Available Date Dec 9, 2019
Journal Social Science and Medicine
Print ISSN 0277-9536
Electronic ISSN 1873-5347
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 221
Pages 40-48
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.12.009
Keywords emigration, alcoholism, Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia, monetary remittances, social remittances
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/853145
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.12.009
Additional Information Additional Information : This is the author's accepted manuscript. The final published version is available here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.12.009.