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Investigating the motivators, barriers and enablers associated with the implementation of sustainable supply chain in Saudi manufacturing industry

Aljoghaiman, Abdulaziz; Saad, Mohammed; Kumar, Vikas

Authors

Abdulaziz Aljoghaiman

Mohammed Saad



Abstract

Sustainable supply chain management (SSCM) can play a significant role in improving company sustainability performance by addressing the social, environmental and economic issues in the supply chain, including suppliers, in-house operations, distributors and customers. Achieving sustainability through SSCM is a challenge that requires understanding the complexity of developing efficient and effective SSCM. Limited empirical research has investigated that complexity in detail, especially in developing countries. The purpose of this study is to identify and discuss, in the context of certain Saudi manufacturing industries, the relevance of key motives, barriers and enabling factors, and their influence on the adoption of SSCM practices. Also, this study leads to the development of a roadmap for maintaining the key enabling factors and mitigating the main barriers to successful implementation of SSCM.

This research follows a case-study design, with in-depth analysis of six large companies working in different Saudi manufacturing sectors, as well as an expert focus group. Data-collection methods included in-depth interviews with top-level managers and documents obtained from company websites. In total, primary data was collected from ten managers and eight experts, and data from 224 secondary sources were analysed. A thematic-analysis approach was adopted to examine the data, and a template was developed to explore the overall view of the SSCM implementation process and show the differences and similarities among Saudi manufacturing companies and the focus group, with respect to the key motives, enablers and barriers.

The results reveal that large manufacturing companies acknowledge the importance of adopting sustainability in the supply chain to improve company sustainability performance. Two related motivators drive that adoption, namely, achieving benefits and responding to stakeholder pressures such as regulation, competition and corporate social responsibility (i.e. taking responsibility toward others, such as local community and employees). This study finds that external stakeholder barriers inhibit the development of SSCM more than internal barriers. Those external barriers include governments, suppliers, customers, and investors and cause negative economic, environmental and social impacts on company development of SSCM practices. Perhaps the most significant finding to emerge from the analysis is that stakeholder engagement plays critical roles in mitigating those barriers and advancing the adoption of SSCM. This study found that corporate understanding of engaging, developing and managing the positive contributions of external stakeholders and, more importantly, of internal stakeholders, is an essential enabling factor in the development of SSCM. Other significant enabling factors include the availability of technology, performance measurement, a sustainability culture and sustainability strategy. The study template can help Saudi manufacturers to follow guidelines that effectively enhance SSCM implementation

Presentation Conference Type Conference Paper (unpublished)
Start Date Jul 23, 2019
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
APA6 Citation Aljoghaiman, A., Saad, M., & Kumar, V. (2019, July). Investigating the motivators, barriers and enablers associated with the implementation of sustainable supply chain in Saudi manufacturing industry. Paper presented at 3rd IEOM European International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management
Keywords sustainable supply chain management, enablers, barriers, motivators, and Saudi Arabia
Additional Information Title of Conference or Conference Proceedings : 3rd IEOM European International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management-Pilsen